KILRUANE, a parish, partly in the barony of LOWER ORMOND, but chiefly in that of UPPER ORMOND, county of TIPPERARY, and province of MUNSTER, 2 ¼ miles (N. E.) from Nenagh, on the road to Parsonstown; containing 1384 inhabitants. It comprises 3726 statute acres, principally under tillage; the drill system of agriculture is general. There are some limestone quarries, and a bog of about 50 acres.

The principal seats are Rapla, the residence of W. C. Crawford, Esq.; Rathurlys, of T. Brereton, Esq.; Ballinware, of J. Otway, Esq.; and Claremont, of F. Evans, Esq.

The living is a rectory and vicarage, in the diocese of Killaloe, and in the patronage of the Bishop: the tithes amount to £198. 8. 2. The church, which is a neat structure, was built by a gift of £800 from the late Board of First Fruits, in 1822.

In the R. C. divisions the parish forms part of the union or district of Cloghjordan, and contains a chapel. There is a private school of about 50 children. In the demesne of Rathurlys there are the remains of a circular castle and of a Danish rath, covering about two acres, in which are the picturesque ruins of the old church; and near it are the remains of a druidical altar.

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