Burke family genealogy

Of Clanricarde

Arms: Or, a cross gu. in the dexter canton a lion ramp. sa.

Rickard Oge (also called William Oge, and William Fionn), a younger brother of Rickard Mór de Burc who is No. 18 on the “Bourke” (No. 1) pedigree, was the ancestor of Burke, of Galway (or Clanricarde); who were called “Clanricarde Oge,” to distinguish them from the descendants of Rickard Mór—the senior branch of the family—who spell the name “Bourke.”

18. Rickard Oge de Burc: a younger son of William Fitzadelm de Burgo, whom King Henry the Second of England appointed “lord justice of Ireland,” A.D. 1177. From this Rickard (or as he was called, William) Oge, the chiefs of this family were called “MacWilliam[1] Uachtar,” (or upper MacWilliam, meaning “MacWilliam of the territory of Clanrickard,” which, being in the county of Galway, is upper compared to Mayo, where lived the “MacWilliam Iachtar” (or lower MacWilliam).

19. William Liath [leea]: his son.

20. Rickard an Forbar: his son. This Rickard had five brothers—1. William Liath, ancestor of MacWalter, of Macaire Reagh, and of the Bourkes of Lianagh; 2. Ulick; 3. Henry; 4. Edward; 5. Hubert, who had a son named Rickard le Hear. This Ulick had four sons—1. William Don, who was the ancestor of the Burkes of Killias and Moyralla; 2. Meyler, a quo the Burkes of Moylen—a sept of Oran; 3. Jonach, a quo Clann Treanach or the sept of Jong,[2] of Meaghrhuide; and 4. Rickard, of Cahirwamvass.

21. Ulick an Cheann: son of Rickard an Forbar; married to O’Flaherty’s daughter; had six brothers, one of whom was Walter Oge.

22. Rickard Oge: son of Ulick an Cheann; had a brother named Edmond (or Redmond).

23. Ulick an Fiona: son of Rickard Oge. This Ulick had a brother named John, who was a burgess of the town of Galway, and a quo the Galway Burkes.

24. Ulick Ruadh Bodan: son of Ulick an Fiona; married Mary, daughter of O’Connor (Faly); had a brother named Rickard.

25. Ulick Fionn: son of Ulick Ruadh Bodan. This Ulick Fionn had five brothers—1. Rickard Oge; 2. Thomas, who was the ancestor of the Burkes of Carranonin and Carrabane; 3. Meyler; 4. John, ancestor of the Burkes of Benmore, 5. Edward, ancestor of the Burkes of Roseim.

26. Rickard Mór (2): second son of Ulick Fionn; married a daughter of O’Madden, of Hy-Maine, by whom Portumna came to this family. From this Rickard it is said that Rickards is derived. The elder brother of this Rickard was Ulick, who had a son named Rickard Baccach: this Ulick is entered by some genealogists as the “first earl of Clanrickard,” and the son (instead of the brother) of the said Rickard Mór.

27. Sir William Burke na Chion: son of Rickard Mór; was the first earl of Clanrickard, A.D. 1543.

28. Rickard Sacsanach[3] (“sacsanach Irish, an Englishman), second earl of Clanrickard: his son.

29. Ulick de Burgh, third earl of Clanrickard: his son; had eight children.

30. Sir Rickard of Kinsale: his son; fourth earl of Clanrickard.[4] This Rickard had three brothers—1. Thomas; 2. Sir William, who was married to Joan, a daughter of Dermod O’Shaughnessy, and who died in 1636; 3. John,[5] first viscount Claremorris, A.D. 1629, and married to Catherine, third daughter of Sir Anthony Browne.

31. William, the seventh earl of Clanrickard: son of the above named Sir William Burke. This William, the seventh earl, had a brother named Rickard (who was the sixth earl of Clanrickard); and a daughter named Honor, who was married to Patrick Sarsfield, earl of Lucan, by whom she had one son.

32. John, lord baron of Bofin;[6] son of William, the seventh earl; had a brother named Rickard, who was the eighth earl.

33. — Burke: son of John; was the ninth earl of Clanrickard; living A.D. 1710.


[1] MacWilliam: Amongst the branches of the “Bourke” and “Burke” families are mentioned Burkett, Crickard, Davis, Jennings (from the Irish MacEoinin, meaning “the descendants of little John”), Hobard, Hubbord, Hubbort, MacRickard (in Irish MacRiocaird), MacRichard, Richardson, Dicks, Dickinson, Dicson, Dickson, Dixon, Rickards, and Richards. But, see No. 121 on the “Concannon” pedigree, and No. 112 on the “Nealan” pedigree, for a Davis family of Irish origin. Eoinin is in French Jean-in, and is anglicised Jenning. The final s added to “Jenning” is a contraction for son, and equal to the Irish MacEoinin; as, “Jennings,” the son of Jean-in (jeaneen] or little John; “Higgins” or “Higginson,” the son of Higgin; “Parsons,” the son of, etc.—See Note “Parsons,” under No. 114 on the “MacDonnell (of Antrim)” pedigree, Vol. I.

[2] Jong: This sirname has been modernized De Jong.

[3] Sacsanach: Some are of opinion that this Rickard Sacsanach was the ancestor of English; but Philipin, the sixth younger brother of Sir Edmond Albanach, who is No. 21 on the “Bourke” (No. 1) pedigree, was the ancestor of English, which has been modernised Inglis.

[4] Clanrickard: Sir Rickard of Kinsale was the eldest surviving son of Ulick, the third Earl of Clanrickard, and succeeded his father as fourth Earl on the 20th May, 1601; he died on 12th Nov., 1635. He had a son, Ulick, who succeeded as fifth, earl; who on 21st February, 1644, was advanced to the dignity of Marquis; and who was known as “Marquis of Clanrickard, and Earl of St. Albans,” a Memoir of whom (London: Folio, 1757) was written by John Smyth Burke, the eleventh Earl of Clanrickard. Said Ulick in 1650, became Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was married to Lady Anne Compton, and left an only child, Lady Margaret De Burgh, who married the first Lord Muskerry; and, leaving no male issue, his Earldom devolved on his cousin Rickard De Burgh, who was the eldest son of his uncle, Sir William De Burgh. This Rickard was the sixth Earl, and had no male issue; he was succeeded by his brother William, who became the seventh Earl, and was succeeded by Rickard, who was the eighth Earl of Clanrickard, and who was in arms for King James II., temp., the Revolution.

[5] John: The son of this John Burke was Thomas, the second viscount Claremorris. The son of this Thomas was Oliver Richard Burke, the third Viscount Claremorris, who, in 1657, under the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell, lost his title and estates; was married to a daughter of Edmond Burke, of Annakeen. The son of this Oliver was Edmond Burke, who was a lieutenant in the Duke of Berwick’s Regiment in the service of King James the Second.

[6] Bofin: This John, lord Baron of Bofin, had a brother Ulick De Burgh, who in 1687 was created “Baron of Tiaquin and Viscount of Galway and was (as was also Colonel Charles Moore) killed at the Battle of Aughrim after “quarter” had been given.

The name of the gunner who wounded King William at the Boyne, was Rickard Burke.