Notes on the Phonology of a County Antrim Ulster-Scots Dialect
Part II: Diachronic Study i.e. the Historical Origins of the Dialect*

Historical Phonology

Robert J. Gregg


(1) Orton, Harold, The Phonology of a South Durham Dialect (London, 1933).

(2) Henry, P. L., An Anglo-Irish Dialect of North Roscommon (Dublin, 1957), 15-20.

(3) Holmer, Nils, The Irish Language in Rathlin Island, Co. Antrim (Dublin, 1942), 46-47; Holmer, Nils, On Some Relics of the Irish Dialect Spoken in the Glens of Antrim (Uppsala, 1940), 28.

(4) Grant, William, 'Introduction', Chambers's Scots Dictionary, Alexander Warrack (ed.), (Edinburgh, 1911-52).

(5) Wright, Joseph S., A Grammar of the Dialect of Windhill (London, 1892).

(6) Dieth, Eugen, A Grammar of the Buchan Dialect (Aberdeenshire) (Cambridge, 1932), part I (Phonology).

(7) For a valuable discussion on the compatibility of the descriptive and the historical approaches, see McIntosh, Angus, An Introduction to a Survey of Scottish Dialects (Edinburgh, 1952), 12.

(8) Grant, William, 'Introduction', Scottish National Dictionary, volume 1 (1931), xxxvi, xxxviii.

(9) The writer hopes to complete a detailed work on all aspects of the Glenoe dialect's phonology in the near future.

(10) Jordan, R., Handbuch der Mittelenglischen Grammatik (Heidelberg, 1934), 62.

(11) In relationship to i, the Glenoe vowel is extremely lowered and somewhat centred.

(12) < OE liþ 'a limb'; 'a joint'.

(13) Cp. OE syndrig.

(14) Holmer, op. cit. (1940), 117 gríseach [ˈgri:śax] 'embers, cinders'.

(15) Dieth, op. cit. §21.

(16) < Gaelic go leór.

(17) ? French haut goût > hogoo, hogo (OED).

(18) Björkman, E., Scandinavian Loan-words in Middle English (Halle, 1900).

(19) Grant, op. cit. (1931), §39.

(20) The last three categories, (iv), (v), (vi), are either loans from another dialect or intrusions from the standard language via Larne. For the usual treatment of ō see vowel No. 2 above.

(21) See No. 12, (x), (xi), (xii) above.

(22) Evans, E. Estyn, Irish Heritage (Dundalk, 1949), 77.

Introduction | Diachronic Aspect | Diphthongs | Consonants | Notes