KNOCKTEMPLE, a parish, in the barony of DUHALLOW, county of CORK, and province of MUNSTER, 10 miles (S. W.) from Charleville, on the new road from Newcastle to Mallow; containing 1801 inhabitants. It is situated on the river Allua, near the northern confines of the county, and comprises 7737 statute acres, as applotted under the tithe act, and valued at £4125 per annum. Part of the extensive bog called the Red Bog is within its limits; and a vein of culm has been lately discovered, but not yet worked.

The seats are Castle Ishen, the family mansion of Sir James Fitzgerald, Bart., and Glenfield, an old mansion belonging to the Boyle family.

The living is a rectory, in the diocese of Cloyne, united by act of council to the impropriate cure of Kilbolane, constituting the union of Knocktemple, in the patronage of the Bishop: the tithes amount to £250, and the income of the benefice, including the stipend of the impropriate curacy, to £256. 3. 1. There is a glebe of 3 acres in this parish. The church of the union is in Kilbolane.

In the R. C. divisions it forms part of the union or district of Freemount, which also comprises the parish of Kilbolane and the greater part of Shandrum, and contains the chapels of Freemount, Millford, and Kilbolane. At Freemount in this parish, is a national school, in which about 60 children are educated; and a similar number are taught in a private school. Adjoining the mansion at Castle Ishen are the ruins of the ancient structure, from which it derives its name.

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