KNOCKGRAFFON, a parish, in the barony of MIDDLETHIRD, county of TIPPERARY, and province of MUNSTER, 4 miles (S.) from Cashel, on the road to Cahir; containing 3520 inhabitants. It comprises 9169 statute acres, as applotted under the tithe act, and is moderately well cultivated; there is no bog, and the waste land is rapidly being brought into cultivation; here are several limestone quarries.

The principal seats are Rockwell, the residence of J. Roe, Esq., Westgrove, of A. Riall, Esq.; Garranler, of L. Keating, Esq.; Woodinstown, of R. Carew, Esq.; and the glebe-house, of the Rev. N. Herbert. It is a rectory, in the diocese of Cashel, episcopally united in 1803 to the rectory of Doggstown, and in the patronage of the Marquess of Ormonde; the tithes amount to £710. 15. 4., and of the entire benefice to £738. 8. 2. There is a glebe-house, with a glebe of 60 acres; the church is a neat edifice.

In the R. C. divisions it is the head of a union or district, called New Inn, comprising this parish and Doggstown, in each of which is a chapel. The parochial school-house, with an acre of land, was given by the late rector; and at Rockwell is a national school, aided by W. Roe, Esq.: these schools afford instruction to about 100 children, and there are five private schools, in which are about 400 children. At Poolmucka is a dispensary. The moat of Knockgraffon covers a very considerable area, and from its great elevation forms a conspicuous object: contiguous are the ruins of the old church and of a castle; and a town or considerable village is supposed to have existed here formerly.

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