The Caulfield Family

Caulfield family crest

(Crest No. 168. Plate 63.)

THE Caulfield family is descended from Milesius, King of Spain, through the line of his son Heremon. The founder of the family was Eogan, ancestor of the Northern Hy Nials, and son of Nial of the Nine Hostages, King of Ireland, A. D. 379. The ancient name was Cathmhaoil, and signifies “Hero in Battle.” The possessions of the clan were located in the present County of Leitrim. MacCathmhaoil was also head chieftain of Clan Aongus, Clan Dubhinreacht, Clan Fogarty O’Ceannfhoda, and Clann Colla of Fermanagh—“the chief of the councils of the North of Ireland.” The name has been Anglicized respectively, Cambell, Cowell, Caghwell, and Caulfield. These Cathmhaoils were also a powerful clan in Tyrone, and others of them in Monaghan, Louth, and Armagh.