The Kings of Ulster

Before the Advent of St. Patrick to Ireland.


Although the province of Ulster was always governed by kings and princes of the blood of Ir, with sovereign independent authority, from their first possession thereof, A.M. 3501, yet there is no account extant of their names or succession until the year 667 before Christ, that Macha Mongrua, queen of Ulster and of all Ireland, and her husband Kimbathus (the 63rd Monarch), built the city of “Eamhain Macha” or (near the city of Armagh) for the regal seat of the kings of Ulster; which continued so during the reigns of the following Kings, who were called kings of Emania, as well as of Ulster:—

1. Macha Mongruadh [Mongrua], a queen, and the 64th Monarch of Ireland. This Macha and her husband Kimbathus reigned jointly for seven years; and Macha, alone, seven years more.
2. Achaius Eolach, son of Feig, son of Fomorius.
3. Uamanchan, son of Cass, son of Argettmar.
4. Connor, son of Cathir, son of Coranus.
5. Fiachna, son of Felim, son of Uamanchan.
6. Darius (Daire), son of Forgo, son of Felim.
7. Ennius, son of Rocha, son of Felim.
8. Finneadh, son of Bacceadh, son of Darius.
9. Connor Maol, son of Fortha, son of Forgo.
10. Rodricus Magnus, the 86th Monarch of Ireland.
11. Cormac, son of Lathy, son of Connor Maol.
12. Mochta, son of Morchai.
13. Ennius, son of Darius, son of Connor Maol.
14. Achaius, son of Lathy.
15. Breasal, son of Rodricus Magnus or Rory Mór, was the 88th Monarch.
16. Congalius, his brother, was the 90th Monarch.
17. Fachna Fathach, son of Cass, was the 92nd Monarch.
18. Fergus, son of Libde, son of Rodricus Magnus.
19. Fergusius Magnus (Mac Roy), grandson of Rodricus.
20. Connor, son of Fachna Fathach, the 92nd Monarch.
21. Cusrach, son of Macha.
22. Glasny, son of Connor.
23. Iriel Glunmhar [Glunmar], son of Conall Cearnach.
24. Fiacha Fionn Amhnais, son of Iriel.
25. Fiatach Finnidil.
26. Muredach, son of Fiacha Fionn-Amhnais.
27. Elim, son of Conrach, was the 105th Monarch.
28. Ogamon, sou of Fiatach.
29. Mal, son of Rochraidhe, was the 107th Monarch.
30. Tiobraid Tireach (No. 80 on the “Guinness” family stem, p. 311. Vol. I.).
31. Breasal, son of Briun, son of Rochraidhe (or Rory). In this Breasal’s time a numerous colony of the Heremonian sept poured into Ulster, overcame the natives, and forced a great part of the country from them; where they settled and were called Dal Fiatach (from their leader Fiatach Fionn), whereof the chiefs were styled kings, and sometimes of all Ulster; and there continued for some generations, till at length they were extirpated by the natives; when some of them settled in Laeighis (or Leix), now the Queen’s County; and some of them in Munster.
32. Fergus, a Heremonian usurper, called “Dubh-Dheadach,” was (the 114th) Monarch for one year.
33. Achaius Gunnatt was (the 116th) Monarch for one year.
31, Æneas Fionn, son of Fergus (No. 32 on this Roll).
35. Æneas Gabhran, son of Fergus.
36. Luy, son of Æneas Fionn.
37. Fiacha Araidhe: a quo the territory of “Dalaradia” in Ulster is so called. This Fiacha (who is No. 83 on the stem of the “Guinness” family) it was who extirpated the Heremonians.
38. Felim: grandson of Fiacha Araidhe.
39. Imcha: his son.
40. Forga, son of Dallan.
41. Rosse, son of Imcha.
42. Muredeach: his son.
43. Eochy Cobha, son of Luigheach (or Luy), son of Rosse; a quo is called the territory of Iveagh.
44. Crunnbhadroi (or Crunbadroy): his son.
45. Frochar: his son.
46. Fergus Fogha: his son.
47. Caolbha (or Caolbadius): son of (No. 44) Crunnbhadroi; brother of Frochar, and uncle of Fergus Fogha. This Caolbadius (is No. 91 on the stem of the “Guinness” family, and was the 123rd Monaroh of Ireland) was the last Monarch of the Line of Ir; and was A.D. 357, slain by (the 124 Monarch) Eochy Moyvone, of the line of Heremon.
48. Saraan, son of Caolbha (or Caolbadius). This Saraan was the last King of Ulster of the Irian line. In his time, the three brothers, called the “Three Collas,” with the Heremonian power of Leinster and Connaught, invaded Ulster, conquered the country, burnt and destroyed the regal city of Emania, and transplanted what remained of the natives into Dalaradia (in Irish “Dal-Araidhe” or “Dal-Naradha”) and Iveagh; formed for themselves and their posterity a kingdom called “Orgiall.” (See “The Kings of Orgiall since the Fourth Century,” p. 719, ante.)