The Genealogy of the Kings of Dalriada in Scotland

Æneas Tuirmeach-Teamrach (No. 66 on the “Stem of the Line of Heremon,” p. 355, Vol. I.), the eighty-first Monarch of Ireland, who died at Tara, before Christ 324, had a son named Fiacha Firmara: this Fiacha was ancestor of the kings of Dalriada and Argyle, in Scotland.

67. Fiacha Firmara, as above.

68. Olioll Earon: his son.

69. Fearach: his son.

70. Forga: his son.

71. Main Mór: his son.

72. Arnold: his son.

73. Rathrean: his son.

74. Trean: son of Rathrean.

75. Rosan: his son.

76. Suin: his son.

77. Deadha: his son; had a younger brother.

78. Iar: his son.

79. Olioll Anglonnach: his son.

80. Eoghan: his son.

81. Edersceol: son of Eoghan; who was the ninety-fifth Monarch of Ireland.

82. Conaire Mór (or Conarius Magnus): his son; who was the ninety-seventh Monarch of Ireland.

83. Carbry Fion Mór: his son.

84. Daire (or Darius) Dorn Mór: his son.

85. Carbry (2) Cromcheann: his son.

86. Lughach (or Luy) Altain; his son.

87. Mogha Lainne: his son.

88. Conaire (2): his son; who was the one hundred and eleventh Monarch of Ireland, and known as “Conaire Mac Mogha Lainne.” This Conaire (or Conarius) the Second, was married to Sarad, daughter of Conn of the Hundred Battles, the 110th Monarch of Ireland, who began to reign A.D. 122; and Sarad, was mother of Carbry Riada, the first king of Dalriada (Dal-Riada: Irish, Riada’s share or portion), in Scotland.

89. Carbry Riada:[1] son of Conaire the Second; whose brother Cairbre Musc was the ancestor of O’Falvey and O’Shee; and whose son Eochaidh settled in Kerry.

90. Kionga, king of Dalriada.

91. Felim Lamh-foidh: his son; king of Dalriada.

92. Eochy Fortamail: his son; king of Dalriada.

93. Fergus Uallach; his son; king of Dalriada.

94. Æneas Feart (feartas: Irish, manly, conduct; Lat. virtus): his son; king of Dalriada.

95. Eochy Mun-reamhar: his son; king of Dalriada.

96. Earc: his son; king of Dalriada.

97. Loarn: his son; and the last king of Dalriada.

This was the Loarn to assist whom in his war against the Picts, his grandson Fergus Mór Mac Earca went to Scotland, A.D. 498, or, according to the Scottish chronicles, A.D. 424; and this Fergus Mór Mac Earca was the founder of the Scottish Monarchy. (See No. 90, in “The Lineal Descent of the Royal Family,” page 40).


[1] Carbry Riada: “One of the most noted facts in ancient Irish and British history,” writes Dr. Joyce, “is the migration of colonies from the north of Ireland to the neighbouring coasts of Scotland, and the intimate intercourse that in consequence existed in early ages between the two countries. The first regular settlement mentioned by our historian was made in the latter part of the second century, by Cairbre Riada, son of Conary the Second, king of Ireland. This expedition, which is mentioned in most of our annals, is confirmed by Bede, in the following words:—

“In course of time, Britain, besides the Britons and Picts, received a third nation, Scotia, who, issuing from Hibernia under the leadership of Reuda (Riada), secured for themselves, either by friendship or by the sword, settlements among the Picts which they still possess. From the name of their commander, they are to this day called Dalreudini: for, in their language, Dal signifies a part.” (Hist. Eccl., Lib. I. cap. 1.)

“There were other colonies, also, the most remarkable of which was that led by Fergus, Angus, and Loarn, the three sons of Erc (or Earca), which laid the foundation of the Scottish monarchy. The country, colonized by these emigrants was known by the name of Airer Gaedhil [Arrer-gale] i.e. the territory of the Gael or Irish; and the name is still applied to the territory in the shortened form of Argyle, a living record of these early colonizations.

“The tribes over whom Cairbre ruled were, as Bede and our own annals record, called from him Dalriada, (Riada’s portion or tribe); of which there were two—one in (the north of) Ireland, and the other and more illustrious in Scotland.”—Irish Names of Places.