Royal Family genealogy

Of England

Arms:[1] The ancient Arms were: Gu. three lions pass. or.

THE following names carefully trace the Stem of the Royal Family, from King Malcolm III. (or Malcolm Ceann Mór) down to Walter, lord steward of Scotland, the Mór Mhaor Leamhna (or "Great Steward of Lennox") of the Irish annalists; a quo (see the "Stewart" pedigree) the sirname Stewart. As Malcom III. (see p. 38) is No. 109 on the "Lineal Descent of the Royal Family of England," we commence this genealogy with that number:

109. Malcolm the Third, king of Scotland, ascended the throne, A.D. 1057, and d. A.D. 1094. Malcolm's father, King Duncan, was murdered by Macbeth, A.D. 1041, upon which occasion this Malcolm and his brother Donald Bane who d. 1098 (ban: Irish, white; bahin: Heb. bright), to avoid the same fate from Macbeth, fled into Ireland, where, and in England, they spent the most part of their time during the life of the usurper. Malcolm's eldest son was also Duncan II., King of Scotland, who d. 1095.

110. David: Malcolm's youngest son; King of Scotland; d. 1153; m. Maud of Northumberland.

111. Henry, prince of Scotland: his only son; who d. in his father's life-time, leaving issue three sons, viz.: King Malcolm the Fourth, who died without issue, A.D. 1163; William, surnamed "the Lion," who died A.D. 1214; and, after this William, his son and grandson, both named Alexander, reigned successively, and their issue became extinct.

112. David: the third son of Henry. The issue of this David were three daughters, of whom Margaret (the wife, first of Alan Fitz-Roland, and next, of Mal, king of Galloway) was mother of Dornagill, who was wife of John Balioll, king of Scotland for a time in her right, by the award of Edward the First, king of England.[2]

113. Isabel: the second daughter of David. This Isabel m. Robert Bruce, called "The Noble;" who competed with Baliol for the crown of Scotland.

114. Robert Bruce (2): son of the said Robert and Isabel; was earl of Annundale (Annandale) and of Carrick, in right of his wife Martha, who was daughter and heiress of the earl of Carrick.

115. Robert Bruce (3): his son. After much trouble and many wars between this Robert and his competitor Baliol, Bruce recovered his right to the kingdom, and was crowned the 57th king of Scotland; which he maintained for twenty-four years against Baliol, and against Edward the First and Edward the Second of England.

This Robert Bruce [3] had one son named David, who was king of Scotland, and died without issue, A.D. 1370; and one daughter named Margery, upon whose issue by her husband the "Mór Mhaor Leam hna" or Great Steward of Lennox, namely: Walter, the lord steward of Scotland, the crown was entailed in case of the failure of her brother's issue. This Walter, lord "steward," was ancestor of Stewart, and of the Stuarts who were kings of Scotland and England.

Queen Matilda was the only dau. of Malcolm the Third, king of Scotland; was the wife of king Henry the First of England, who was the youngest son of William the Conqueror: she was crowned at Westminster on the 11th Nov., A.D. 1100. Queen Matilda's marriage to Henry the First united the Irish or Scottish, Saxon, and Norman Dynasties; in her and her daughter, Princess Maude, continues the lineal descent of the present Royal Family of Great Britain and Ireland.

The Princess Maud was, as already mentioned, daughter of King Henry the First of England and of Queen Matilda; Queen Matilda was dau. of Malcolm the Third of Scotland and of Princess Margaret; Princess Margaret was the eldest daughter of Prince Edward and of Agatha; and Agatha was the dau. of Henry the Third, Emperor of Germany. Prince Edward was son of Edmund Ironside and of Algitha; and, after his father's death, was banished from England to Hungary, by Canute, the Danish king. Canute died A.D. 1036; and Prince Edward afterwards returned to England, and died in London A.D. 1057.

In Cox's Hibernia Anglicana the following passage is quoted from a speech delivered by King James the First, at the Council Table in Whitehall, on the 21st of April, 1613:—

"There is a double cause why I should be careful of the welfare of that (the Irish) people: first, as King of England, by reason of the long possession the Crown of England hath had of that land; and, also, as King of Scotland, for the ancient Kings of Scotland were descended from the Kings of Ireland."

After the death of Queen Anne, George the First, Elector of Hanover, son of Ernest Augustus and of the Princess Sophia, ascended the throne of England A.D. 1714, pursuant to the "Act of Succession." Ernest Augustus, himself, formed a double line of the pedigree, for he, as well as his wife, was descended from Henry the Second. That pedigree is thus traced: Ernest Augustus was son of George, son of William, son of Ernestus, son of Henry, son of Otho the Second, son of Frederick, son of Bernard, son of Magnus, son of Albert the Second, son of Albert the First, son of Otho the First, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg; son of Henry, Duke of Saxony, who was the husband of Princess Maud, the eldest daughter of King Henry the Second of England, who was son of the Princess Maude, daughter of Queen Matilda; who was daughter of King Malcolm the Third of Scotland, as above.

According to the learned Hardiman, George the Fourth,[4] when passing in view of the Hill of Tara, during his visit to Ireland A.D. 1821,

"Declared himself proud of his descent from the ancient monarchs of the land."

And Forman says:

"The greatest antiquity which the august House of Hanover can boast, is deduced from the Royal Stem of Ireland."

In this Work (see pp. 37-41) that "Royal Stem" is carefully compiled.


[1] Arms: Of the Kings of England, of the Norman Race, it was Henry II. who, in the Royal Banner, first assumed three lions: "Gu. Three Lions Passant gardant, or." As Henry, through his mother Maude, claimed to be of Irish lineal descent, and that Milesius of Spain, the ancestor of the Milesian Irish Nation, bore three lions in his shield, the fact of three lions on the escutcheon of King Henry II. is very significant.

[2] King of England: When, A.D. 1296, Edward the First conquered Scotland, he carried away from Scone to London, the crown and sceptre surrendered by Balioll; and the "stone of destiny" on which the Scottish monarchs were placed when they received their royal inauguration. That stone or seat Fergus Mór Mac Earca had, for the purpose of his inauguration, sent to him, it is said, from Ireland to Scotland, by his brother Murchertus MacEarca, the 131st monarch; and that stone-seat, the "stone of destiny" or Lia Fail of the ancient Irish, it is by some persons believed, is now preserved in Westminster Abbey, under the Coronation Chair.

This "Lia Fail" was, before Christ 1897, brought to Ireland by the Tua-de-Danans; and on it they crowned their kings. It is believed to be the stone on which Jacob reposed: hence the veneration with which it was regarded, and which for ages secured its preservation in Ireland and Scotland.

Of that "Stone of Destiny" Sir Walter Scott observes:

"Its virtues are preserved in the celebrated leonine verse—

"Ni fallat fatum, Scoti, quocunque locatum

Invenient lapidem, regnare tenentur ibidem.

"Which may be rendered thus:

"Unless the fates are faithless found,

And prophet's voice be vain,

Where'er this monument is found

The Scottish race shall reign."

"There were Scots who hailed the accomplishment of this prophecy at the accession of James the Sixth to the crown of England; and exulted, that, in removing this palladium, the policy of Edward resembled that of the people who brought the Trojan horse in triumph within their walls, and which occasioned the destruction of the royal family. The stone is still preserved, and forms the support of King Edward the Confessor's chair, which the sovereign occupies at his coronation; and, independent of the divination so long in being accomplished, is in itself a very curious remnant of extreme antiquity."

Without attaching any superstition whatever to the Saxum Fatale or "stone of destinv," which it is alleged, thus forms the support of King Edward the Confessor's chair in Westminster Abbey, one cannot help thinking that, after all, there is some force in the "divination" respecting it, contained in these lines—

—— "Scoti, quocunque locatum

Invenient lapidem, regnare tenentur ibidem;"

for, in the person of our gracious Sovereign, the Scottish Race now reigns (as it did in the person of the monarch who, in Scott's time, swayed the sceptre of the British empire) where the Irish Lia-Fail is said to be so carefully preserved! But some antiquarians assert that the Lia Fail is still at Tara.

[3] Robert Bruce: Notwithstanding that King Edward the First of England conquered Scotland, carried Balioll a prisoner to London, and destroyed all records of antiquity (which came within his reach) that inspired the Scots with a spirit of national pride:—

"Still are the Scots determined to oppose

And treat intruding Edward's friends as foes;

Till the revengeful king, in proud array,

Swears to make Scotland bend beneath his sway."


Bruce made several fruitless attempts to recover the independence of his country, which, since Balioll resigned it, King Edward the First considered as his own; who, with his last breath, enjoined his son and successor, Edward the Second of England, to prosecute the war with Scotland, "till that obstinate nation was finally conquered." It was not, however, until the "Battle of Bannockburn," A.D. 1314, that the Scots, under this Robert Bruce—afterwards called "King Robert the First"—established their independence.

[4] George the Fourth: According to Gaskin, the visit in 1821 by His Majesty George the Fourth was the first instance in Irish history of an English Monarch visiting Ireland as a friend; for, before him, when other Monarchs came over, it was not a visit, but a visitation: blood heralded their approach; blood marked their progress; blood tracked their return. Even their Viceroys, till the accession of the Brunswick Dynasty, but too truly justified the bitter witticism of the late Sir Hercules Langrish:

"In what history," said a modern Viceroy (Earl Fitzwilliam), "in what history, Sir Hercules, shall I find an account of all the Irish Lords Lieutenant?"

"Indeed I do not know, my lord," replied Langrishe, "unless it be in a continuation of rapine (Rapin)."—Gaskin's Irish Varieties.