The Lineal Descent of the Royal Family of England

Forman, who wrote in the eighteenth century, says:

"The greatest antiquity which the august House of Hanover itself can boast, is deduced from the Royal Stem of Ireland."

The following Table carefully exhibits the "Royal Stem of Ireland," from which the present Royal Family of England derives its lineal descent:

136. Victoria Alexandrina, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, living in 1887: Daughter of

135. Edward, Duke of Kent: son of

134. George the Third: son of

133. Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales: son of

132. George the Second: son of

131. George the First: son of

130. Princess Sophia; married to Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick and first "Elector of Hanover," A.D. 1658; died at Hanover on the 8th June, 1714: daughter of

129. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia: daughter of

128. James the First of England and Sixth of Scotland: son of

127. Mary, Queen of Scots: daughter of

126. James the Fifth of Scotland: son of

125. Margaret: daughter of

124. Elizabeth of York: daughter of

123. Edward the Fourth: son of

122. Richard Plantagenet: son of

121. Lady Anne Mortimer: daughter of

120. Roger Mortimer: son of

119. Lady Philippa; married to Edward Mortimer, Earl of March, from which marriage descended the House of York, or "The White Rose;" born, 16th August, 1335: only child of

118. Lionel, Duke of Clarence: son of

117. Edward the Third: son of

116. Edward the Second: son of

115. Edward the First [1]: son of

114. Henry the Third: son of

113. John: son of

112. Henry the Second: son of

111. The Princess Maude: daughter of

110. Queen Matilda (in whom the lineal descent continues: who was the wife of Henry the First of England, the youngest son of William the Conqueror): only daughter of Malcolm III. (d. 1093).

109. Malcolm the Third, of Scotland: son of Duncan (d. 1041).

108. Duncan: son of Beatrix. Malcolm the Second left no issue but two daughters, named Beatrix (or Beatrice) and Doda. Beatrice, the elder daughter, got married to Crinan,[2] lord of the Isles, and by him had a son named Duncan, the father of Malcolm the Third; while Doda, the younger daughter, got married to Synel, lord of Glammis, and by him had a son named MacBeatha or MacBeth (d. 1057). Before the accession to the throne of Scotland, of Malcolm the Third or Malcolm Ceann Mor (cean mor: Irish, large head), as he was called, on account of the large size of his head, the lineal descent continued in the following:

108. Duncan, who d. 1041: son of

107. Beatrix (or Beatrice): daughter of

106. Malcolm the Second, who d. 1040: son of

105. Cenneth, who d. 994: son of

104. Malcolm the First, who d. 958: son of

103. Donald, who d. 903: son of

102. Constantine, who d. 878: son of

101. Cenneth (known as "Kinneth MacAlpin"), who d. 854: son of

100. Alpin, who d. 834: son of

99. Eochaidh (or Eochy) Rinnamail: son of

98. Aodh (or Hugh) Fionn: son of

97. Donart: son of

96. Donald Breac: son of

95. Eochaidh Buidhe [4] (buidhe: Irish, yellow): son of

94. Ædhan: son of

93. Gabhran.

The Scotch historians differ in some particulars from the ancient Irish annalists: for instance, they record this Gabhran (No. 93) as the son instead of the grandson, of Donart, No. 91.

93. Gabhran: son of

92. Eochaidh: son of

91. Donart: son of

90. Fergus Mor Mac Earca.

"In A.D. 498, Fergus Mor Mac Earca, in the twentieth year of the reign of his father, Muredach, son of (Eugenius, or) Owen, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, with five more of his brothers, viz., another Fergus, two more named Loarn, and two named Aongus (or Æneas), with a complete army, went into Scotland to assist his grandfather Loarn, who was king of Dalriada, and who was much oppressed by his enemies the Picts, who were in several battles and engagements vanquished and overcome by Fergus and his party. Whereupon, on the king's death, which happened about the same time, the said Fergus was unanimously elected and chosen king, as being of the Blood Royal, by his mother; and the said Fergus was the first absolute king of Scotland, of the Milesian Race: so the succession continued in his blood and lineage ever since to this day."—Four Masters.

According to the Scottish chroniclers, it was A.D. 424, that Fergus Mor Mac Earca went from Ireland to Scotland. Before him, the Milesian kings in that country were kings only of that part of it called "Dalriada," of which Loarn, the grandfather of Fergus Mor Mac Earca (Mac Earca: Irish, son of Earca, daughter of Loarn) was the last king (see Part IX., c. iv. under "The Genealogy of the Kings of Dalriada").

90. Fergus Mor Mac Earca, the brother of Murchertach (or Murtogh Mor Mac Earca, the 131st Monarch of Ireland:[5] son of

89. Muredach: son of

88. Eoghan [Owen]: son of

87. Niall Mor (known as Niall of the Nine Hostages), the 126th Monarch: son of

86. Eochaidh Muigh Meadhoin (or Eochy Moyvone), the 124th Monarch: son of

85. Muredach Tireach [teeragh], 122nd Monarch: son of

84. Fiacha Srabhteine, the 120th Monarch: son of

83. Cairbre Liffechar, the 117th Monarch: son of

82. Cormac Ulfhada (commonly called "Cormac Mac Art"), the 115th Monarch: son of

81. Art-Ean-Fhear (or Art-Enear), the 112th Monarch: the ancestor [6] of O'h-Airt, anglicised O'Hart: son of

80. Conn Ceadcatha (or Conn of the Hundred Battles), the 110th Monarch: son of

79. Felim Rachtmar (or Felim the Lawgiver), the 108th Monarch: son of

78. Tuathal Teachdmar, the 106th Monarch: son of

77. Fiacha Fionn Ola (or Fiacha of the White Oxen), the 124th Monarch: son of

76. Feareadach [Feredach] Fionn Feachtnach (or Feredach the True and Sincere), the 102nd Monarch: son of

75. Crimthann Niadh-Nar (called Crimthann the Heroic), the 100th Monarch, who reigned when Christ was born: son of

74. Lugaidh Sriabh-n Dearg, the 98th Monarch: son of

73. Breas-Nar-Lothar: son of

72. Eochaidh Feidhlioch, the 93rd Monarch: son of

71. Fionn: son of

70. Fionnlaoch: son of

69. Roighean Ruadh: son of

68. Asaman Eamhnadh: son of

67. Enda Agneach, the 84th Monarch: son of

66. Aongus (or Æneas) Turmeach-Teamrach, the 81st Monarch (from whose younger son, Fiacha Fearmara, the kings of Dalriada, in Scotland, down to Loarn, the maternal grandfather of Fergus Mor Mac Earca, No. 90 on this stem, were descended): son of

65. Eochaidh Altleathan, the 79th Monarch: son of

64. Olioll Casfiacalach, the 77th Monarch: son of

63. Conla Caomh, the 76th Monarch: son of

62. Iarn Gleo-Fhathach, the 74th Monarch: son of

61. Melg Molbhthach, the 71st Monarch: son of

60. Cobthach Caol-bhreagh, the 69th Monarch: son of

59. Ugaine Mor, the 66th Monarch: son of

58. Eochaidh Buidh: son of

57. Duach Ladhrach, the 59th Monarch: son of

56. Fiachadh Tolgrach, the 55th Monarch: son of

55. Muirerdhach [Muredach] Bolgach, the 46th Monarch: son of

54. Simeon Breac, the 44th Monarch: son of

53. Aodh Glas: son of

52. Nuadhas Fionnfail, the 39th Monarch: son of

51. Giallchadh, the 37th Monarch: son of

50. Olioll Olchaoin: son of

49. Siorna Saoghalach, the 34th Monarch: his son; lived 250 years, and reigned 150 years.

48. Dein: son of

47. Rotheachta, the 22nd Monarch: son of

46. Maon: son of

45. Aongus Ollmuchach, the 20th Monarch: son of

44. Fiachadh Lamhraein, the 18th Monarch: son of

43. Simorgoill: son of

42. Eanbrotha , son of

41. Tighearnmas, the 13th Monarch: son of

40. Falach (or Fallain): son of

39. Eithriall, the 11th Monarch: son of

38. Irial Faidh, the 10th Monarch: son of

37. Heremon, the second Monarch of Ireland, of the Milesian line; son of Galamh [galav], otherwise called Milesius of Spain.

36. Milesius of Spain: son of

35. Bilé: son of

34. Breoghan (or Brigus); a quo the "Brigantes;" son of

33. Brath: son of

32. Deagh: son of

31. Arcadh: son of

30. Alladh: son of

29. Nuadhad: son of

28. Nenuall: son of

27. Febric Glas: son of

26. Agnan Fionn: son of

25. Heber Glunfionn: son of

24. Lamhfionn: son of

23. Agnan: son of

22. Tait: son of

21. Oghaman: son of

20. Beouman: son of

19. Heber Scutt [Scott]: son of

18. Sruth: son of

17. Asruth: son of

16. Gaodhal, a quo the Clann-na-Gaodhail or the Gaels: son of

15. Niul: son of

14. Phoeniusa (or Fenius) Farsaidh, the inventor of Letters: son of

13. Baoth (baoth: Irish, simple; Heb. baath, to terrify): son of

12. Magog: son of

11. Japhet: son of

10. Noah: son of

9. Lamech: son of

8. Methuselah: son of

7. Enoch: son of

6. Jared: son of

5. Mahalaleel: son of

4. Cainan: son of

3. Enos: son of

2. Seth: son of

1. ADAM, who (Genesis i.) was the first Man.


[1] Edward the First: King Edward the First was twice married: first to Eleanor, sister of Alphonso XI., king of Castile, in Spain ; and secondly to Margaret, daughter of Philip III., king of France. Of this second marriage were born Thomas Plantagenet at Brotherton (a small village in Yorkshire), A.D. 1300, who, in consequence, was called De Brotherton; who was created Earl of Norfolk, and made "Marshal of England." This Thomas Plantagenet left two daughters, from one of whom came—1. The Mowbrays and Howards.[3] Dukes of Norfolk. 2. The Earls of Suffolk. 3. the Earls of Carlisle. 4. The Earls of Effingham. 5. The Lords Stanford. 6. The Lords Berkely. 7. The Marquises of Salisbury.

From the other daughter of Thomas Plantagenet the Ord family is descended. See the "Ord" pedigree.

Edmund, the second son of King Edward the First, by the second marriage, was created Earl of Kent.

[2] Crinan: According to some authorities Beatrix was twice married: first, to Crinan who was Lay Abbot of Dunkeld, and the son of Duncan, who was Abbot of Dunkeld ; and, secondly, to the Lord of the Isles. By Crinan, Beatrix had Maldred, Cospatrick, and Duncan I. (d. 1041), King of Scotland, who is No. 108 on the foregoing Lineal Descent.

[3] Howards: For the ancestors of the "Howard" family, see No. 104, on the "MacDowall", pedigree.

[4] Buidhe: From this Eochaidh Buidhe the Boyd family derives its sirname.

[5] Monarch of Ireland: For the period during which each of the Irish Monarchs mentioned in this Table, reigned, see the "Roll of the Monarchs of Ireland since the Milesian Conquest."

[6] Ancestor: See the pedigree of "O'Hart;" carefully traced from this Monarch, who reigned in the second century of our era, down to the present time (A.D. 1887). It is a curious fact that no other name than No. 81 on the foregoing Table is the origin of any other Irish sirname on record!