From Irish Names and Surnames 1923
Mac CATHMHAOIL—IV—M'Caughwell, M'Cawill, M'Kavill, MacCavill, MacCawell, MacCowell, MacCowhill, MacCawl, MacCaul, MacCall, MacHall, MacCaulfield, Keawell, (Howell, Caulfield, Campbell, Callwell), &c.; 'son of Cathmhaol' (battle-chief); the name of a family who, says O'Donovan, 'are famous in Irish history for their learning and the many dignitaries they supplied to the church.' They derive their descent from Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, and were for many centuries powerful chiefs in Tyrone. Their patrimony was Kinel Farry, now the barony of Clogher in Co. Tyrone, and other districts in the same county and in Fermanagh. There was another family of the same name in Co. Down. In the 16th century, the name had spread into Connacht, Westmeath and Carlow. A branch of the family of Tyrone who settled in Co. Wicklow changed the name to Caulfield. This fine old name is now often sadly disguised.
Alphabetical Index to Irish Surnames
In Popular Rhymes and Sayings of Ireland (first published in 1924) John J. Marshall examines the origin of a variety of rhymes and sayings that were at one time in vogue around different parts of the country, including those which he recalled from his own childhood in County Tyrone. Numerous riddles, games and charms are recounted, as well as the traditions of the ‘Wren Boys’ and Christmas Rhymers. Other chapters describe the war cries of prominent Irish septs and the names by which Ireland has been personified in literature over the centuries.
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