From Irish Names and Surnames 1923
Mac CATHMHAOIL—IV—M'Caughwell, M'Cawill, M'Kavill, MacCavill, MacCawell, MacCowell, MacCowhill, MacCawl, MacCaul, MacCall, MacHall, MacCaulfield, Keawell, (Howell, Caulfield, Campbell, Callwell), &c.; 'son of Cathmhaol' (battle-chief); the name of a family who, says O'Donovan, 'are famous in Irish history for their learning and the many dignitaries they supplied to the church.' They derive their descent from Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, and were for many centuries powerful chiefs in Tyrone. Their patrimony was Kinel Farry, now the barony of Clogher in Co. Tyrone, and other districts in the same county and in Fermanagh. There was another family of the same name in Co. Down. In the 16th century, the name had spread into Connacht, Westmeath and Carlow. A branch of the family of Tyrone who settled in Co. Wicklow changed the name to Caulfield. This fine old name is now often sadly disguised.
Alphabetical Index to Irish Surnames
Charlotte Milligan Fox, sister of the poet Alice Milligan, was a founding member of the Irish Folk Song Society and an indefatigable field collector of Irish traditional music. Her singularly important work on Irish haprers is here presented for the twenty-first century reader. This edition of Annals offers a much greater number of illustrations than were included in the original 1911 publication, a full biographical introduction, an extensive bibliography of the writings of Milligan Fox and an appendix discussing the variant texts of Arthur O’Neills Memoirs.
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