THE IRISH IN AMERICA

Preface

CHAPTER I

Difference of the Position of the Irish in the Old Country, and the NewDifference in the CountriesPower and Dignity of LabourThe Irish Element strong in HalifaxTheir ProgressThe Value of a 'Lot'No SnobbishnessThe Secret of ProsperityThe Poor's AsylumCause of PovertyCatholic Church in Nova Scotia'Sick Calls'A Martyr to DutyNo State ChurchReal Religious EqualityIts AdvantagesPictouMy Friend PeterPeter shows me the LionsAt the MinesIrish everywhereA Family PartyNova Scotia as a Home for Emigrants

CHAPTER II

Prince Edward IslandHow the Irish cameVisit to an Irish SettlementProsperity of the IrishA Justice of the PeaceThe Land QuestionWhat the Tenant claimsThe Tenant League and the Government'Confiscation' profitable to the Government, and beneficial to the PeopleA Scotch Bishop's Testimony to the IrishThe Irish and their PastorsThe Sisters of Notre DameA graceful Gift

CHAPTER III

Scene in the LordsThe Irish Race despaired ofThe Settlement of Johnville, New BrunswickWe enter the SettlementThe First Man and WomanThe Second Man and WomanCeltic EnergyJimmy M'AllisterMr. Reilly from BallyvourneyHow the Man of no Capital gets alongOne Cause of SuccessMass in the ForestNeither Rent nor 'Gale'Other Settlements

CHAPTER IV

Irish who settle on the LandTheir SuccessTheir Progress in St. JohnThree IrishmenA small BeginningTestimony of a Belfast IndependentPosition of Irish CatholicsThe Church in New BrunswickA Sweet BitMissionary ZealCatholicity in St. JohnPast and Present

CHAPTER V

The Irish in QuebecTheir Progress and SuccessEducation entirely FreeMontrealNumber and Position of the IrishBeneficial Influence of good PriestsSt. Patrick's Hall

CHAPTER VI

Upper CanadaNumber of the IrishHow they came and settled, and how they got along; illustrated by the District of PeterboroughDifficulties and HardshipsCalumnies refutedWhat the Settlers did in a few MonthsEarly TrialsProgress and ContrastFather GordonChurch-building in the ForestAn early SettlerA Sad AccidentA Long Journey to MassA Story strange but trueThe Last Grain of TeaFather Gordon on the Irish and their Love of the Faith

CHAPTER VII

Woolfe IslandJimmy CuffeA Successful IrishmanSimple Pat as an AgriculturistThe Land Question in CanadaWise Policy of the Canadian ParliamentHappy Results of a Wise Policy

CHAPTER VIII

The Irish ExodusThe Quarantine at Grosse IsleThe Fever Sheds at Grosse IsleHorrors of the PlagueThe 'Unknown'The Irish OrphansThe good CanadiansResistless EloquenceOne of the OrphansThe Forgotten NameThe Plague in MontrealHow the Irish diedThe Monument at Point St. CharlesThe Grave-mound in KingstonAn illustrious Victim in TorontoHow the Survivors pushed onThe Irish in the Cities of Upper CanadaThe Education SystemThe Dark ShadowThe Poison of OrangeismThe only Drawback

CHAPTER IX

NewfoundlandMonstrous PolicyBad Times for the Irish PapistsHow the Bishop saved the ColonyThe Cathedral of St. John'sEvil of having but one PursuitUseful EffortsThe Plague of DogsProposal to exterminate the 'Noble Newfoundland'Wise LegislationReckless ImprovidenceKindly RelationsIrish Girls

CHAPTER X

The Irish ExodusEmigration, its Dangers by Sea and LandCaptain and Crew well matchedHow Things were done Twenty Years sinceThe Emigration Commission and its WorkLand-sharks and their PreyFinding Canal StreetA Scotch VictimThe Sharks and CormorantsBogus TicketsHow the 'Outlaws' resisted ReformThe New SystemThe Days of Bogus Tickets goneA Word of AdviceWorking of the SystemIntelligence and Labour DepartmentMiss Nightingale's OpinionNecessity for Constant VigilanceThe last Case one of the Worst

CHAPTER XI

Evil of remaining in the great CitiesWhy the City attracts the new ComerConsequence of OvercrowdingThe Tenement Houses of New YorkImportant Official ReportsGlimpses of the RealityAn inviting PictureMisery and Slavery combinedInducements to IntemperanceMassacre of the InnocentsIn the wrong PlaceTown and Country

CHAPTER XII

The Land the great Resource for the EmigrantCases in PointAn Irishman socially redeemedMore Instances of Success on the LandAn Irish Public Opinion wantedIrish Settlements in Minnesota and IllinoisThe Public Lands of AmericaThe Coal and Iron of AmericaDown SouthA Kildare Man in the SouthTipperary Men in the SouthThe Climate of the SouthCalifornia an Illustration of the true Policy

CHAPTER XIII

California of the Past and PresentEarly Irish SettlersDeath amid the MountainsPat ClarkBut One MormonThe Irish wisely settle on the LandHow they Succeeded in the CitiesSuccessful ThriftIrish GirlsThe Church in San FranciscoWhat a poor Irishman can do

CHAPTER XIV

Drink more injurious to Irish than othersWhy this is soArchbishop Spalding's TestimonyDrink and PoliticsTemperance OrganisationsHope in the Future

CHAPTER XV

Poor Irish GentilityHonest LabourThe Miller's SonWell-earned SuccessNo poor Irish Gentility hereA Self-made ManHow he became a Master BakerThe Irish don't do themselves JusticeHow they are regardedScotch-Irish

CHAPTER XVI

Remittances HomeSomething of the Angel stillHow the Family are brought outRemittancesA 'Mercenary'A Young PioneerA Poor Irish WidowSelf-sacrificeThe Amount sent

CHAPTER XVII

The Character of Irish Women in AmericaAn Unwelcome BaptismThe Universal TestimonyShadowsPerils to Female VirtueIrish Girls; their Value to the Race

CHAPTER XVIII

The Catholic Church in AmericaThe IrishThe Church not afraid of FreedomA ContrastWho the Persecutors wereThe American ConstitutionWashington's Reply to the CatholicsThe First Church in New YorkBoston in 1790Universality of the ChurchEarly MissionsTwo Great OrdersMrs. SetonMrs. Seton founds her OrderEarly Difficulties and PrivationsIrish Sisters

CHAPTER XIX

Bishop Connolly's Note-book'Laity's Directory' for 1822Dr. Kirwan previous to his ApostacyThe Church in 1822Progress in 1834How the Faith was Lost

CHAPTER XX

Dr. England, Bishop of CharlestonBishop England's DiaryBishop England's Missionary LaboursThe Bishop's TrialsBishop England's growing Fame

CHAPTER XXI

Bishop England's diocese'Music hath Charms'Preaching by the WaysideWilliam George Read'Mister Paul'Taking a Fresh StartFather O'Neill's Two Hundred Children

CHAPTER XXII

Dangers from within and withoutThe Lay TrusteesA Daring HoaxBurning of the Charlestown ConventA Grateful Ruffian'Awful Disclosures of Maria Monk'Protestant Verdict on Maria Monk

CHAPTER XXIII

Bishop England's Devotion to the NegroThe Frenchman VanquishedThe Bishop stripped to his ShirtBishop England's DeathSpiritual DestitutionAs late as 1847The Sign of the CrossKeeping the FaithBishop HughesBishop Hughes and the School QuestionA Lesson for the PoliticiansThe Riots of PhiladelphiaThe Native-American PartyThe Bishop and the MayorProgress of the Church

CHAPTER XXIV

The Know Nothing MovementJealousy of the ForeignerKnow Nothings indifferent to ReligionDemocratic OratorsEven at the Altar and in the PulpitAlmost IncredibleThe Infernal MiscreantA Strange Confession

CHAPTER XXV

The Catholic Church and the Civil WarThe True Mission of the ChurchThe Church speaks for HerselfThe 'Sisters' during the American Civil WarThe Patients could not make them outThe Forgiven Insult'What the Sister believes I believe'The Chariot of Mercy'Am I to forgive the Yankees?'Prejudices conquered'That's she! I owe my Life to her'An emphatic Rebuke'We want to become Catholics'Sister AnthonyThe Catholic ChaplainThe Irish Catholic soldier

CHAPTER XXVI

Catholic EducationThe Catholic Church in Advance of the AgeCatholic Teaching favourable to Parental AuthorityProtestant confidence in true CatholicsThe Liberal American ProtestantCatholic SchoolsThe Sister in the School and the AsylumProtestant Confidence in Convent SchoolsThe Christian BrothersOther Teaching OrdersFrom the Camp to the School

CHAPTER XXVII

Juvenile ReformationOpposition to Catholic ReformatoriesThe two Systems IllustratedChristianity Meek and LovingThe Work of the EnemySolemn Appeals to Catholic Duty

CHAPTER XXVIII

The Second Plenary Council of BaltimoreProtestant Tribute to the Catholic ChurchProgress of CatholicityInstances of its ProgressThe Past and the PresentThe Church in Chicago and New YorkCatholicity in BostonAnticipations not realisedNumber of Catholics in the StatesCircumstances of Protestant and Catholic Emigrant differentLoss of Faith, and Indifferentism

CHAPTER XXIX

The Irish in the WarIrish faithful to either SideThomas Francis MeagherWhy the Irish joined distinct OrganisationsIrish ChivalryThe Religious InfluenceNot knowing what he preached onCleanliness of the Irish SoldierRespect for the Laws of WarA Non-combatant defending his CastleDefended with Brickbats'Noblesse oblige'Pat's little GameIrish DevotednessThe Love of FightTestimonies to the Irish SoldierThe handsomest Thing of the WarPatrick Ronayne CleburneHis OpinionsIn MemoriamAfter the WarThe grandest of all Spectacles

CHAPTER XXX

Feeling of the Irish in America towards EnglandA Fatal MistakeNot Scamps and RowdiesWho they really areSympathy conquering IrritationIndifference to DangerDown in the MineOne of the Causes of Anti-English FeelingMore of the Causes of Bad FeelingWhat Grave and Quiet Men thinkIf they only could 'see their way'A Grievance redressed is a Weapon brokenThe Irish ElementBelief in England's DecayWar with EnglandWhy most Injurious to EnglandWhy less Injurious to AmericaThe only Possible Remedy

APPENDIX

South Carolina

The Land

Slavery

Essential Importance of the Foreign Element to the United States of America

Biographical Sketch of Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne

Notes to the Irish in America

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