From A Compendium of Irish Biography, 1878
Dungal, a writer of the 9th century, an Irishman, who settled in France, probably on account of the Danish invasions of Ireland. He became eminent as a teacher, and his latter days were devoted to cultivating philosophy and astronomy. His reputation in the latter science became so great that in 811 he was consulted by Charlemagne concerning an eclipse which had taken place the year before. In 827 he wrote a treatise in defence of images, against Claude, Bishop of Turin, printed in 1608. Some of his poetical pieces are stated to have been printed in a collection of poems published in France in 1729. The date of his death is not known.
42. Biographical Dictionary: Rev. Hugh J. Rose. 12 vols. London, 1850.
339. Ware, Sir James, Works: Walter Harris. 2 vols. Dublin, 1764.
In Popular Rhymes and Sayings of Ireland (first published in 1924) John J. Marshall examines the origin of a variety of rhymes and sayings that were at one time in vogue around different parts of the country, including those which he recalled from his own childhood in County Tyrone. Numerous riddles, games and charms are recounted, as well as the traditions of the ‘Wren Boys’ and Christmas Rhymers. Other chapters describe the war cries of prominent Irish septs and the names by which Ireland has been personified in literature over the centuries.
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