From Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory for 1862
ROSCOMMON, an inland county in Connaught province. Boundaries: N., Sligo and Leitrim; E. and S., Leitrim, Longford, Westmeath, King's, and Galway; W., Galway and Mayo. Greatest length, 60 miles; greatest breadth, 40 miles; comprising an area of 949 square miles, or 607,691 acres, of which 440,522 are arable, 130,299 uncultivated, 6,732 in plantations, 768 in towns, and 29,370 under water. The surface is undulating or flat, except towards the N., where the Curlew mountains lie, near Sligo, and the Braulieve, near Leitrim. The Shannon, with its loughs, Boffin, Bodarigg, and Ree, form part of the E., and the Suck the W. boundary; Lough Key is in the N., and Lough Gara in the W. of the county. The soil in the level parts is very fertile; the subsoil is limestone; coal and iron have been wrought, but never to advantage; bogs are numerous. The population, in 1841, was 253,591; 243,539 in the rural, and 10,052 in the civic district; and in 1861 the total population of the county was 156,154, being a decrease of 97,437. The occupations are agricultural; grazing is chiefly attended to; the linen manufacture is declining.
The county is divided into 9 baronies—Athlone, Ballintober N. and S., Ballymoe, Boyle, Castlerea, Frenchpark, Moycarn, and Roscommon, and contains 58 parishes. It is in Elphin diocese, with small portions in those of Tuam, Clonfert, and Ardagh. The principal towns are, Roscommon, population in 1861, 2,699; Boyle, 3,002; and part of Athlone, the other part being in Westmeath county; total population, 5,601. The County returns 2 members to Parliament, constituency in 1859, 3,345. It is in the Connaught Circuit. The Assizes are held at Roscommon. The county is in the military district of Dublin; and there are Barrack stations at Athlone, Boyle, Castlerea, and Roscommon.
The net annual amount of property valued under the Tenement Valuation Act, is £291,155.
Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum.
EDWARD KING TENISON, esq., M.A. (Cantab.) (1856), Kilronan Castle, Keadue; Kildare-street Club, Dublin; Travellers' and Brooks's Clubs, London, S.W. *
High Sheriff (1861-62).
PATRICK BALFE, esq., South Park, Castlerea.
Members of Parliament for the County.
Col. FlTZSTEPHEN FRENCH (1832), Frenchpark House, in this county; and 68, Warwick-square, London, S.W.
THE O'CONOR DON, Clonalis, Castlerea; Reform Club, London, S.W.
Barton Thomas Johnston, Coote Hall, Boyle: Glendalough House, Annamoe, co. Wicklow 35 Merrion-square, south, Dublin
Caulfield, Lieut.-Col. John, Bloomfield, Mullingar
Crofton, Hon. Edward, Mote Park, Ballymurry, Athlone *
Crofton, Right Hon. Lord, V.L.. Mote Park, Ballymurry, Athlone †‡
Ferrall, John Nolan, 3, Merrion-square, west, Dublin; Logboy, Ballyhaunis
Flanagan, John Woulfe, B.A. (T.C.D.) Drumdoe, Boyle *‡
Grace, Oliver Dowel John, Mantua House Elphin; Brooks's Club, London, S.W.
King, Sir Gilbert, bart., Charlestown, Drumsna
King, Hon. Robert Edward, Rockingham, Boyle *
Lloyd, William, Rockville, Drumsna
Mahon, Henry S. Pakenham, Strokestown
O'Conor, Denis, Mount Druid, Frenchpark
O'Conor Don, The, M.P., Belanagare, Frenchpark, and Clonalis, Castlerea
Sandford, Tho. Geo. Wills, Castlerea House, Castlerea; Kildare-st. Club, Dublin; Carlton Club, London, S.W. *†
Chairman of Quarter Sessions.
JAMES ROBINSON, esq., Q.C. (1859), 44, Fitzwilliam-square, Dublin.
Arabin, Charles (Res. Mag.), Castlerea
Armstrong, Oliver, Emlaroy, Ballydooly †
Bagot, Bernard Wm., Carranure, Lecarrow †
Bagot, Thomas Neville, The Hermitage, Ballymoe
Balfe, Patrick,, South Park, Castlerea
Barton, Thomas Johnston, D.L., Coote Hall, Boyle; Glendalough House, Annamoe, co. Wicklow; 35, Merrion-square, south, Dublin
Bayly, Robert Preston, Rookwood, Athleague
Bell, Capt. James, Ardcarne, Ballinasloe ‡
Blundell, Rev. Robert, Cushla, Castlerea
Burke, Sir Joseph, bart.
Busby, Alphonso,14, Longford-ter., Monkstown, co. Dublin
Butler, James Thomas (Res. Mag.), Boyle
Castlemaine, Right Hon.. Lord, Moydrum Castle, Athlone; Carlton Club, London, S.W.
Caulfield, Lieut.-Col. John, D.L., Bloomfield, Mullingar *
Caulfield, St. George Francis, Donamon Castle, Roscommon; 25, Cadogan-place, London, S.W.
Clancarty, Right Hon. the Earl of, Garbally Park, Ballinasloe; National Club, London, S.W. ‡
Clonbrock, Right Hon. Lord, Clonbrock, Ahascragh, co. Galway; Travellers' Club, London, S.W. ‡
Conmee, John, Kingsland, Frenchpark
Conry, John, Springfield, Elphin
Crofton, Right Hon. Lord, D.L., Mote Park, Athlone †‡
D'Arcy, Major John Talbot, B. A. (T.C.D.), Castlepark, Ballinasloe; United Service Club, London, S.W. †‡
DeFreyne, Rt. Hon. Lord, Frenchpark House, Frenchpark
De Moleyns, Thomas, Q.C., 30, Lr. Fitzwilliam-st, Dublin
Devenish, John, Mount Pleasant, Strokestown
Devenish, Robert, Rush Hill, Drumsna
Dillon, John, Johnstown House, Athlone
Dillon, John T., Mount Dillon, Strokestown
Domvile, Sir Charles Compton William, bart., Santry House, co. Dublin; Sackville-street Club, Dublin; Brooks's Club, London, S.W.
Drought, George Warburton, B.A. (T.C.D.), Cargins, Tulsk; United Service Club, Dublin; Army and Navy Club, London, S.W.
Duckworth, John, Mount Erris, Boyle
Dunlo, The Viscount, Garbally, Ballinasloe ‡
Eglington, Joseph (Res. Mag.), Strokestown
Fawcett, John, Friars Park, Ballymurry
Ferrall, John Nolan, D.L., Logboy, Ballyhaunis; 3, Merrion-square, west, Dublin
Ffrench, Hon. Gonville, Claremount, Ballyforan
Flanagan, John Woulfe, B.A, (T.C.D.), D.L., Drumdoe, Boyle *‡
French, Charles, Caher, Frenchpark *
French, Christopher, B.A. (Oxon), Clooniquin, Tulsk *‡
French, Colonel Fitzstephen, M.P., Colonel of the Roscommon Militia, Frenchpark House, Frenchpark; 68, Warwick-square, Pimlico, London, S.W.; Brooks's and Junior United Service Clubs, London, S.W.
Gaynor, John, Roxborough, Roscommon
Grace, John Dowel Fitzgerald, Mantua, Elphin *
Grace, Oliver Dowel John, D.L., Mantua, Elphin; Brooks's Club, London, S.W. *
Grace, Richard J., R.M., Bruff, co. Limerick
Grainger, William Edward, Grainger Lodge, Athlone
Grehan, Patrick, Mount Plunkett, Lecarrow
Greville, Colonel Fulke Southwell, M.P., Colonel of the Westmeath Militia, Cloonteem Lodge, Drumsna; Clonyn, Delvin, Westmeath; North Mymms Place, Hatfield, Herts; 2, Albert Gate, London, S.W.; Travellers', Reform, and United Service Clubs, London, S.W.
Hackett, John Law, Ardcarne, Boyle
Hanly, Roderick John, Ballycummin, Drumsna
Harman, Hon. Lau. Harman King, Newcastle, Ballymahon
Hodson, Samuel, Hodson's Bay, Athlone
Hogg, John Booth, Cartron, Kilmore, Drumsna
Holmes, Joseph A., Abbeyville, Roscommon
Holton, William Noble, Woodberry House, Athlone
Huband, Arthur, Athlone; 7, Herbert-street, Dublin; Kildare-street Club, Dublin
Irwin, Daniel Henry, Beechwood, Roscommon *†
Irwin, John, Raheen, Elphin
Irwin, Oliver, Belgrove, Athleague
Irwin, Richard, Rathmile, Tulsk *
Johnston, George P., Alderford's Cottage, Ballyfarnon, Carrick-on- Shannon
Johnston, Captain John, Rose Lawn, Celbridge
Kelly, Denis Henry, Castle Kelly, Mount Talbot ‡
Kelly, Edmund, Ballymurry, Roscommon
Kelly, Richard, Runnemede, Ballydooly, Roscommon †
Kelly, William D., Castle Park, Ballinasloe
Keogh, Michael, jun., Geevagh, Ballifarnon
King, Hon. Robert Edward, D.L., Rockingham, Boyle *
Kirkaldy, G. D. H., Hearnesbrook, Loughrea ‡
Knox, George (Res. Mag.), Roscommon
Kyle, William Cotter, 8, Clare-street, Dublin
Lancaster, Thomas, Fortwilliam, Ballinasloe
Larkin, Edward, Larkfield, Athlone
Lawder, Horatio Nelson, Aughamore, Drumsna
Little, Joseph Bennett, Kilrush, Ballinamore, co. Leitrim
Lloyd, Guy, Croghan House, Boyle *
Lloyd, Owen Richard Nathaniel, Rockville, Drumsna
Lloyd, Owen Thomas, Hermitage, Croghan
Lloyd, William, D.L., Rockville, Drumsna
M'Dermott, Thomas, Ballynagar, Frenchpark
M'Donogh, Walter, Lowville, Ahascragh, Ballinasloe
M'Loughlin, William J., Castlecoote, Fuerty †
Magan, Percy, Marlfield House, Gorey, co. Wexford
Mahon, Bartholomew, Strokestown
Mahon, Henry S. Pakenham, D.L., Strokestown House, Strokestown *
Mahon, John Ross, Strokestown
Moran, Patrick, Ardkeene, Tulsk, Strokestown
Murphy, Michael Edward, Bellefield, Ballinasloe
O'Connor, Denis, Bellagh, Kilroosky
O'Connor, Patrick Hugh, Dundermott, Ballymoe *
O'Connor, Richard, Dublin
O'Conor, Arthur, Elphin House, Elphin *
O'Conor, Denis, D.L., Mount Druid, Frenchpark
O'Conor Don, The, D.L., M.P., Belanagare, Frenchpark and Clonalis, Castlerea
O'Conor, Rodk. J., Milton, Castleplunkett, Strokestown
O'Conor, Rodk., Miltown, Tulsk; l Up. Leeson-st., Dublin *
O'Farrell, Harward, M.D., Boyle
O'Grady, Francis Richard, Tavran
O'Kelly, Ambrose, Gurtray, Ballinasloe
O'Shaughnessy, John James, Birchgrove, Ballinasloe
O'Sullivan, John J., Mountflorence, Athlone
Pidgeon, William, Athlone; Riversdale, Templeogue, co. Dublin; 73, Harcourt-street, Dublin
Potts, Harry Trumperant, Correen Castle, Ballinasloe ‡
Roper, William, B.A. (T.C.D), Knockmane, Roscommon; 60, Upper Mount-street, Dublin
Ross, James (Res. Mag.), Athlone
St. George, Archibald, Cama Lodge, Athlone
Sandford, Thomas Geo. Wills, D.L., Castlerea; Kildare-street-Club, Dublin; Carlton Club, London, S.W. *†
Simpson, Pierce, D.L., Cloncorrick Castle, Carrigallen; Gortconlan Lodge, Drumsna; Hibernian United Service Club, Dublin *
Smythe, Henry Matthew, B.A. (Oxon), Newpark, Athlone, Kildare-street Club, Dublin
Stafford, Thomas Portabello, Elphin
Strickland, Charles, Loughglyn House, Loughglyn ‡
Taaffe, Patrick Plunkett, Foxboro', Tulsk
Tredennick, John Arnold, Camlin, Ballyshannon
Trench, Hon. Robt. LePoer, Kilgariff House, Ballinasloe ‡
Waldron Edward Fras., Lismoyle, Carrick-on-Shannon
Walsh, Walter Hussey, Mount Hussey, Athlone
Warburton, Bartholomew (Res. Mag.), Ballina, co. Mayo
Warburton, Richard Stovin, Elphin
Westmeath, Most Hon. the Marquess of, Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Westmeath, United Service Club, London, S.W.
Young, James, B.A. (T.C.D.), Harristown, Castlerea *
Clerk of the Crown, William Young, esq. (1843), Gartenardress, Crossdoney.
Clerk of the Peace, Robert Jones Fox, esq. (1834), 135, Stephen's-green, north, Dublin.
Deputy Clerk of the Peace, John James, Roscommon.
Crown Solicitor, Arthur B. Todd, esq. (1852), 37, Lower Baggot-street, Dublin.
Sessional Crown Prosecutor, Arthur Cranston, esq. (1843), Boyle.
Treasurer, John French, esq. (1843), Riversdale, Cootehall, Boyle, and 45, Leeson-street, Dublin.
Secretary to the Grand Jury, Michael Sharkey, esq. (1807), Abbeytown, Roscommon.
County Surveyor, J. Kelly, esq. (1834), Essex Lawn, Roscommon.
Sub-Sheriff, John Law Hackett, esq., Ardcarne House, Boyle.
Sheriff's Returning Officer, George Henry Hackett, esq., 24, Lower Baggot-street, Dublin.
Coroners, Thomas P. Peyton, esq., Grevisk House, Boyle; Richard Garnett, esq., Roscommon; and John Davis, esq., Bellsgrove, Athleague.
Head Distributer for the county, P. P. Taaff, esq., Foxborough, Tulsk.
Boyle, Mr. Bryan Judge.
Castlerea, Mr. Peter Dillon.
Elphin, Mr. John Rorke.
Frenchpark, * * *
Roscommon, Mr. Patrick Bannahan.
Strokestown, Miss Stewart.
BARONY CESS COLLECTORS.
Athlone, Terence Glancy, Frenchlawn, Castlerea.
Ballintobber, north, Mat. Hanly, Dangan, Drumsna.
Ballintobber, south, Alonzo Lawder, esq., Tubberpatrick, Strokestown.
Ballymoe, John Flynn, Tulsk.
Boyle, Charles J. Peyton, Corrigard, Boyle.
Castlerea, James J. Balfe, Curreen, Lanesboro'
Frenchpark, Paul Davis, Cloonshanville, Frenchpark.
Moycarnan, Edward Corr, Farragher, Roscommon.
Roscommon, David Lynch, Acres, Roscommon.
County Inspector, Fielding Giveen, esq., Roscommon.
Athlone, W. D. Rooke, esq.
Boyle, James Davies, esq.
Castlerea, Robert Carew Reade, esq.
Elphin, Thomas Whelan, esq.
Frenchpark, Henry Arthur Blake, esq.
Roscommon, P. J. Bracken, esq.
Strokestown, Richard Garrett, esq.
PETTY SESSIONS COURTS.
Place where held, Day, and Name of Clerk.
Athlone, second Saturday; Abbott Peacock.
Aughrim, Drumsna, second Tuesday; John Nary.
Ballintobber, Ballymoe, second Wednesday; W. Treacy.
Ballinlough, Castlerea, second Wednesday; W. Treacy.
Ballyfarnon, second Wednesday; Richard Stephens.
Ballyforan, Ahascragh, third Monday; A. M. Finerty.
Belanagare, Frenchpark, second Monday; Joseph M'Kernan.
Boyle, second Wednesday; John Creighton.
Brideswell, Athlone, third Friday; Bernard Byrne.
Castlerea, second Saturday; W. Treacy.
Coolderry, Mt. Talbot, second Friday; A. M. Finerty.
Cootehall, Boyle, second Tuesday; John Creighton.
Croghan, Boyle, second Tuesday; John Creighton.
Elphin, second Wednesday; George L. Mills.
Frenchpark, second Tuesday; Joseph M'Kernan.
Keadue, second Wednesday; Richard Stephens.
Kilmore, Drumsna, second Thursday; John Nary.
Lecarrow, fourth Wednesday; Bernard Byrne.
Roscommon, every Monday; John James.
Ruskey, second Wednesday; Robert Smith.
Strokestown, second Thursday; Thomas Lloyd.
Tulsk, second Saturday; George L. Mills.
COUNTY GAOL, ROSCOMMON.
The Board of Superintendence meets on the second Saturday in every month.
Inspector, Edmond Kelly, esq. J.P.
Governor, Mr. James Speer.
Deputy Governor, Mr. George Speer.
Chaplain, Rev. Mathew N. Thompson.
R.C. Chaplain, Rev. Dr. Phillips, P.P.
Physician, John Harrison, M.D., F.R.C.S.I.
BRIDEWELLS AND KEEPERS.
Athlone, Denis Connor.
Boyle, John Fitzgerald.
Castlerea, George Lennon.
Strokestown, Charles Maguire.
COUNTY INFIRMARY, ROSCOMMON.
Treasurer, Lord Crofton, Mote Park, Athlone.
Surgeon, Reynolds Peyton, A.B., M.D., F. & L.R.C.S.I.
Poor Law Unions.
ATHLONE UNION.—See County Westmeath.
(Cos. Roscommon and Sligo), 33 Electoral Divisions. The Board of Guardians meets on Tuesdays.
Chairman, Hon. Robt. Edwd. King, D.L., Rockingham, Boyle
Vice-Chairman, Capt. John Woulfe Flanagan, D.L., Drumdoe, Boyle.
Deputy Vice-Chairman, Captain John Duckworth, Mount Ennis, Boyle.
Treasurer, National Bank, Boyle.
Clerk and Returning Officer, Patrick Clarke.
Master and Matron, Luke Hester and Eliza M. Breakey.
Established Church, Rev. John M. Maguire.
Roman Catholic, Rev. Joseph M'Tucker.
Medical Officer, Harward O'Farrell, M.D.
Apothecary, Arthur Browne.
Relieving Officers, Alexander Frazer, Shanvooley, Boyle; John Fry, Abbeytown, Boyle.
Medical Officers of Dispensary Districts:-
Ballinameen, Charles Dwyer, M.D.
Boyle: Harward O'Farrell, M.D., D. N. Wallace, M.D.
Gurteen, Samuel M'Munn, M.D.
Keadue, William Wilson M.D.
Ballyfarnon, J. Cornwall Fry, M.R.C.S.E.
(Cos. Roscommon and Mayo), 19 Electoral Divisions. The Board of Guardians meets on Saturdays.
Chairman, Thomas G. Wills Sandford, esq., Castle, Castlerea.
Vice-Chairman, Captain French, Caher, Frenchpark.
Deputy Vice-Chairman, Denis O'Conor, esq., Mount Druid, Frenchpark
Treasurer, National Bank, Castlerea.
Clerk and Returning Officer, Thomas Dillon.
Master and Matron, Patrick Mitchell and Prudence Galbraith
Established Church, Rev. George Griffith.
Roman Catholic, Rev. Fras. P. Kean, P.P.
Medical Officer, Martin Harken, M.D., F.R.C.S.I.
Relieving Officers, John Coleman, Frenchpark; John Beytagh, Ballindrimley, Castlerea; Daniel Thomas O'Connor, Willsbrook, Castlerea.
Medical Officers of Dispensary Districts:-
Ballaghaderreen and Loughlinn, Andrew Dillon, M.D., M.R.C.S.E.
Castleplunket, Martin Harken, M.D., F.R.C.S.I.
Castlerea and Ballinlough, William Cuppadge, M.B.,Dubl., L.R.C.S.I.
Frenchpark, Michael O'Donohoe, L.R.C.S.I.
(Cos. Roscommon and Galway), 18 Electoral Divisions. The Board of Guardians meets on Saturdays.
Chairman, Rt. Hon. Lord Crofton, Mote Park, Roscommon.
Vice-Chairman, Daniel Henry Irwin, esq., J.P., Beechwood, Roscommon.
Deputy Vice-Chairman, John Sheil, esq., Kilbegnet, Creggs.
Treasurer, National Bank, Roscommon.
Clerk and Returning Officer, Thomas M'Neilance.
Master and Matron, Bernard Naghten and Hessy Sheil.
Established Church, Rev. James FitzGerald.
Roman Catholic, Rev. Thomas Phillips.
Medical Officer, John Harrison, M.D., F.R.C.S.I.
Relieving Officers, Thomas Ryan, Gurrane, Creggs; James Geraghty, Durham, Roscommon; Henry Roche, Weekfield, Roscommon.
Medical Officers of Dispensary Districts:-
Athleague, Richard Tristan, M.R.C.S.E.
Ballyleague, John Harrison, M.D., F.R.C.S.I.
Roscommon, Joseph Heily, M.D., L.R.C.S.I.
(Co. Roscommon), 20 Electoral Divisions. The Board of Guardians meets on Fridays.
Chairman, H. S. Pakenham Mahon, esq., Strokestown House, Strokestown.
Vice-Chairman, Chris. French, esq. Cloonyquinn, Tulsk.
Deputy Vice-Chairman, John Devenish, esq., Mount Pleasant, Strokestown.
Treasurer, National Bank, Castlerea.
Clerk and Returning Officer, Michael Flynn.
Master and Matron, Patrick Eardly and Maria Mahon Atkinson.
Established Church, * * *
Roman Catholic, Very Rev. Mich. M'Dermott.
Medical Officer, Michael Shanley.
Relieving Officers, Luke Cox, Mount Dillon, Lanesboro'; James Gray, Drummin, Strokestown.
Medical Officers of Dispensary Districts:-
Elphin, Hugh D. Lynch, L.R.C.S.I.
Rooskey, Michael Shanley, M.R.C.S.I.
Strokestown, Valentine L. Trenor.
* Have served the office of High Sheriff of the County
† Are members of the Board of Superintendence of the County Prison
‡ Are Governors of the District Lunatic Asylum for the County
In Popular Rhymes and Sayings of Ireland (first published in 1924) John J. Marshall examines the origin of a variety of rhymes and sayings that were at one time in vogue around different parts of the country, including those which he recalled from his own childhood in County Tyrone. Numerous riddles, games and charms are recounted, as well as the traditions of the ‘Wren Boys’ and Christmas Rhymers. Other chapters describe the war cries of prominent Irish septs and the names by which Ireland has been personified in literature over the centuries.
The book is also available as a Kindle download.
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