From Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory for the Year 1862
CARLOW, an inland county in Leinster province. Boundaries : N., Kildare and Wicklow ; E., Wicklow and Wexford ; S., Wexford ; W., Kilkenny and Queen's. Greatest length, N. and S., 29 miles ; greatest breadth, E. and W., 20½; comprising an area of 346 square miles, or 221,342 acres, of which 184,05.9 are arable, 31,249 uncultivated, 4,927 in plantations, 602 in towns, and 505 under water. The surface is generally level, except the baronies which adjoin the county Wicklow, and which partake of its hilly character. On the western side of the river Barrow the colliery range extends from N. to S. through the barony of Idrone West, some of the hills rising to the height of 1,000 feet above the level of the sea, which, being in some places wooded and cultivated to the top, form a beautiful landscape. On the eastern side a succession of fertile table-land extends to Borris, and on the S. is Mount Leinster, attaining a height of 2,604 feet. The Slaney flows through the county, as also the Barrow, which skirts it on the W.; the northern part separating it from the Queen's County, the middle part, from its own barony of Idrone West, and the southern part, from the county of Kilkenny. The sinking of the river Burren by the Board of Works, has contributed much to the value of the alluvial soils of the interior of this county. The staple trade is in corn, flour, meal, butter, and provisions, which are exported in large quantities. The population in 1861 was 57,232.
The county is divided into 7 baronies—Carlow, Forth, Idrone E. and W., Rathvilly, and St. Mullins Lower and Upper, and contains 47 parishes. It is in Leighlin diocese. The principal towns are Carlow, part of which, called Graigue, is in Queen's County ; population, in 1861, 8,204; Tullow, 2,384; and Bagnalstown, 2,047. The county returns 3 members to Parliament, 2 for the county at large, constituency, in 1859, 2,418 ; and 1 for Carlow borough, constituency, 236. The Assizes are held at Carlow. The county is within the Curragh or Southeastern military district, and contains 1 Barrack Station for Cavalry and Infantry at Carlow.
The net annual value of property in the county, under the Tenement Valuation Act, is £163,357.
Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum.
Right Hon. the Earl of Bessborough, P.C. (1838), Master of the Buckhounds, Bessborough House, Pilltown, co. Kilkenny; Garrihill, Carlow; 40, Charles-street, Berkeley-square, London, W.
High Sheriff (1861-62).
Sir John Richard Wolseley, bart., Castletown, Carlow.
Members of Parliament for the County.
Captain William Bunbury M'Clintock Bunbury, R.N. (1846-52, 1853), Lisnevagh, Rathvilly; Carlton Club, London, S.W.
Henry Bruen. esq. (1857), Oak Park, Carlow; Carlton Club, London, S.W.
Browne, Robert Clayton, M.A. (T.C.D.), Browne's Hill, Carlow ; Kildare-street Club, Dublin; Carlton Club, London, S.W. *†‡
Bruen, Henry, M.P., Oak Park, Carlow ; 19, Hanover-square, London, W. ; Carlton Club, London, S.W. *†‡
Burton, William Fitzwilliam, Burton Hall, Palatine ; Kildare-street Club, Dublin *†‡
Eustace, Hardy, Newstown, Tullow
Lecky, John James, Ballykealy, Ballon; Kildare-street Club, Dublin *†‡
Rochfort, Horace William Noel, B.A. (Cantab.), Clogrennan, Carlow; Carlton Club, London, S.W. *†‡
Chairman of Quarter Sessions.
Thomas Rice Henn, esq., B.A. (T.C.D.), Q.C. (1859), 48, Upper Mount-street, Dublin; Kildare-street Club, Dublin; Paradise, Kildysart, co. Clare.
Alcock, Edward Vigors, Ballynoe, Tullow
Beresford, Denis William Pack, Fenagh Lodge, Fenagh, Leighlinbridge ; 82, Devonshire-place, London, W.; Army and Navy Club, S.W. *
Blackney, Hugh, Ballyellen, Goresbridge ‡
Brady, John Beauchamp, Myshall Lodge, Myshall *
Braddell, Thomas, Coolmena, Newtownbarry ‡
Browne, Joseph Swan, Knocklow, Tullow
Browne, Robt. Clayton,M.A. (T.C.D.), D.L., Browne's Hill, Carlow; Kildare-street Club, Dublin ; Carlton Club, London, S.W. *†‡
Bruen, Hen., M.P., D.L., Oak Park, Carlow; 19, Hanover-sq., London,W.; Carlton Club, London, S.W. *†‡
Bunbury, Capt. Wm. Bunbury M'Clintock, R.N., M.P., Lisnevagh, Baltinglass; Carlton Club, London, S.W.
Burtchaell, David, Brandondale, Graiguenamanagh
Burton, Wm. Fitzwilliam, D.L., Burton Hall, Palatine ; Kildare-street Club, Dublin *†‡
Butler, James Thomas, (Res. Mag.), Roscommon
Butler, Sir Richard Pierce, bart., Ballintemple, Tullow
Cogan, William Henry Ford, M.A. (T.C.D.),M.P., Tinode, Blessington, co. Wicklow, and Stephen's-green, Dublin; Reform Club, London, S.W.
Cox, Joseph (Res. Mag.), Carlow
Dennis, Edward Albert, B.A. (T.C.D.), Eadestown, Baltinglass
Dennis, Thomas Stratford, B.A. (T.C.D.), Fortgranite, Baltinglass
Dillon, Francis, Garryhill, Fenagh, Bagnalstown
Doyne, Charles Henry, Tullow
Duckett, John Dawson, Duckett's Grove, Palatine; Kildare-street Club, Dublin
Duckett, William, M.A. (T.C.D.), Russelstown Park, Palatine *†‡
Elliott, William, Kilmeany, Carlow †
Eustace, Hardy, D.L., Newstown, Tullow
Eustace, Hardy, Castlemore, Tullow †
Fishbourne, William, Font Hill, Carlow †
Fitzmaurice, Arthur, Carlow
Gray, John, Upton House, Fenagh, Leighlinbridge
Hamilton, Douglas, Rathoe House, Tullow
Hardy, Thomas Rawdon, Kilmacart, Hacketstown
Hegarty, Edmund, Kilcoltrim, Borris
Kavanagh, Arthur MacMorrough, Borris House, Borris *
Keogh, Lieut.-Colonel John H. (Res. Mag.), Ballinahinch, co. Down; United Service Club, Dublin
Lecky, John Frederick, Lenham Lodge, Milford, Car-low ; Kildare-street Club, Dublin
Lecky, John James, D.L., Ballykealy, Ballon ; Kildare-street Club, Dublin
Newton, Philip Jocelyn, Dunleckney, Bagnalstown *†‡
Nowlan, John, Killballyhue, Carlow ‡
Richards, Edwin, Commander R.N., Kilbride, Ballon
Rochfort, Horace Wm. Noel, B.A. (Cantab.) D.L., Clogrennan, Carlow; Carlton Club, London, S.W. * †‡
Stopford, Hon. Edward Sydney, Borris
Sweetman, Michael Fitzhenry, Cournellan, Borris
Tighe, Col. the Right Hon. Wm. Frederick Fownes, Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Kilkenny co., Colonel of the Kilkenny Militia, Woodstock, Inistioge *
Vesey, William, Muschamp, Borris
Vigors, John Cliff, Burgage, Leighlinbridge
Waters, Henry, Staplestown, Carlow †
Watson, Jno. Lecky,Kilconnor, Fenagh, Leighlinbridge *
Westby, William Jones, M.A. (T.C.D.), High Park, Baltinglass ; United Service Club, Dublin
Whelan, Pilsworth (Res. Mag.), Maryborough, Queen's ‡
White, Captain Laurence Esmonde, Newlands, Newtownbarry
White, Matthew Esmonde, M.B., M.A. (T.C.D.), District Lunatic Asylum, Carlow
Wolseley, Sir John Richard, bart., Castletown, Carlow
Clerk of the Crown, Thomas Jameson, esq. (1846), 189, Great Brunswick-street, Dublin.
Clerk of the Peace, Alexander John Humfrey, esq. (1836), Ardristan, Tullow.
Crown Solicitor, Jeremiah Mara, esq. (1850), Portarlington, and 33, Lower Gardiner-street, Dublin.
Sessional Crown Prosecutor, Thomas Crawford Butler, esq. (1841), Roseville, Carlow, 9, Upper Gardiner-street, Dublin, and Rockfield, Clifden, Connemara
Treasurer, Henry Cary, esq. (1857), Carlow.
Secretary to the Grand Jury, James Butler, esq. (1854), Ballybar, Carlow.
County Surveyor, John Bowers, esq. (1861), Court House, Carlow.
Sub-Sheriff, Edward Leonard Jameson, esq., Carlow.
Sheriff's Returning Officer, Thomas Jameson, esq., 189, Great Brunswick-street, Dublin.
Coroner, Edw. Gorman, esq., Bennekerry Lodge,Carlow.
Head Distributer for the county, Joseph Greene, esq., Newtown House, Kilkenny.
Bagnalstown, Michael Murphy.
Borris, Eliza Byrne.
Carlow, John M'Quaide.
Tullow. William Deering.
Hacketstown, Jacob Jackson.
BARONY CESS COLLECTORS.
Carlow, Thomas Agar, Coolnakisha, Leighlinbridge.
Forth, Thomas Agar, Somerville, Ballon.
Idrone, east, George Young, Ballywilliamroe, Bagnalstown.
Idrone, west, Paul Shirley, Clogrennan, Milford.
Rathvilly, William Hopkins, Ballylick, Tullow.
St. Mullins, lower, Patrick Tuite, Kildoney.
St. Mullins, upper, James Bayly, Moneygron, Myshal.
County Inspector, Joseph Seymour, esq., Carlow.
Bagnalstown, David Lindsay Macafee, esq.
Borris, Henry F. Thynne, esq.
Carlow, Edw. Richard Medlicott, esq.
Tullow, Giles W. Cullen, esq.
PETTY SESSIONS COURTS.
Place where held, Day, and Name of Clerk.
Bagnalstown, second Monday ; J. B. Warren.
Borris, Gore's-bridge, third Thursday ; P. Butler.
Carlow, Monday ; Thomas Richardson.
Fenagh, Leighlinbridge, fourth Wednesday; J. B. Warren.
Hacketstown, second Tuesday; P. Douglas.
Myshall, fourth Wednesday; Redmond Morres.
Tullow, Saturday; Wm. Clayton Humfrey.
COUNTY GAOL, CARLOW.
The Board of Superintendence meets on the first Monday in every month.
Inspector, Arthur Fitzmaurice, esq.
Governor, Richard Wilson, esq.
Protestant Chaplain, Rev. Wm. J. Purdon, Carlow.
Roman Catholic Chaplain, Rev. James Hughes.
Surgeon, Thomas J. Rawson, M.D.
Apothecary, Alfred Shaw.
Deputy Governor, Edward Croghan.
DISTRICT LUNATIC ASYLUM, CARLOW.
Established in 1831, for the counties of Carlow, Kildare, and Wexford. The Board meets on the third Monday in each month.
Resident Physician and Superintendent, Matthew Esmoude White, A.M., M.D., J.P.
Visiting Physician, Thomas O'Meara, M.D.
Apothecary, Alfred Shaw.
Matron, Mrs. Lavinia Parsons.
Protestant Chaplain, Rev. Wm. J. Purdon.
Roman Catholic Chaplain, Rev. Patrick Boland.
Clerk and Storekeeper, Timothy Brenan.
Treasurer, John Alexander, esq.
Surgeon, Thomas J. Rawson, M.D.
Poor Law Union.
Carlow Union (Co. Carlow, Queen's co., and Co. Kildare), 45 Electoral Divisions. The Board of Guardians meets on Thursdays.
Chairman, Sir Thomas Butler, bart., Ballintemple, Tullow.
Vice-Chairman, R. Clayton Browne, esq., M.A., D.L., Browne's Hill, Carlow.
Deputy Vice-Chairman, William Robert Lecky, esq., Ballinacarrig, Carlow.
Treasurer, Bank of Ireland, Carlow.
Clerk and Returning Officer, John Clark.
Master and Matron, James Kerr, and Elizabeth Kerr.
Established Church, Rev. Wm. J. Purdon.
Roman Catholic, Rev. John Farrell.
Medical Officer, Thomas James Rawson, m.d.
Relieving Officers, Henry Croghan, Tullow ; James Mathews, Bagnalstown ; John S. Watters, Burrin-st., Carlow.
Medical Officers of Dispensary Districts.
Bagnalstown, James J. Trayer, M.B. (T.C.D.)
Ballickmoyler and Newtown, E. N. Bolton, M.D.
Borris, Francis Boxwell, M.D.
Carlow, Shewbridge Connor, M.D.
Fenagh and Myshall, William Fryer, M.D.
Leighlinbridge, Richard R. Phillips, M.D.
Tullow, Robert Burnett, M.D.
* Have served the office of High Sheriff of the County.
† Are members of the Board of Superintendence of the County Prison.
‡ Are Governors of the District Lunatic Asylum.
In Popular Rhymes and Sayings of Ireland (first published in 1924) John J. Marshall examines the origin of a variety of rhymes and sayings that were at one time in vogue around different parts of the country, including those which he recalled from his own childhood in County Tyrone. Numerous riddles, games and charms are recounted, as well as the traditions of the ‘Wren Boys’ and Christmas Rhymers. Other chapters describe the war cries of prominent Irish septs and the names by which Ireland has been personified in literature over the centuries.
The book is also available as a Kindle download.
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