MAGUIRE (No.1)

Princes of Fermanagh

From Irish Pedigrees; or the Origin and Stem of the Irish Nation by John O'Hart

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[1] Arms: Same as those of "Magofrey," ante. Another: Gu. a salmon naiant in fess ar. in chief a dexter hand apaumée of the last. Another: Gu. a salmon naiant ppr. on a chief ar. a dexter hand apaumée of the first.

CORMAC, a younger brother of Daimhin who is No. 92 on the "O'Hart" pedigree, was the ancestor of MacUidhir; anglicised MacGwyre, and Maguire.

92. Cormac: son of Cairbre an Daimh Airgid.

93. Aodh: his son.

94. Fergus: his son.

95. Cormac (2): his son.

96. Egneach (or Fechin): his son.

97. Iargallach: his son.

98. Luan ("luan:" Irish, a hero, a woman's breast, the moon, etc.): his son.

99. Cearnach: his son.

100. Odhar: his son; had a brother named Feargal.

101. Orgiall: his son; had a brother named Dalach, who was the ancestor of O'Lavan and Lavan, of Fermanagh.

102. Searrach: son of Orgiall.

103. Odhar ("odhar," gen. "uidhir:" Irish, pale or palefaced): his son; a quo MacUidhir.

104. Orgiall (2): his son.

105. Searrach (2): his son.

106. Odhar Oge: his son.

107. Randal: his son.

108. Donn Mór: his son; Lord of Fermanagh.

109. Giolla Iosa: his son; had a younger brother named Manus.

110. Donall: son of Giollaiosa.

111. Donn Oge (also called Donn Carrach), the first Prince of Fermanagh: his son; d. 1315. Had a younger brother named Guthrigh Gamhnach, who was the ancestor of Guthrie and MacGuthrie of Oirgiall.

112. Flaithearthach: his son. Had two younger brothers—1. Amhailgadh [Awly], who was the ancestor of MacHugh; 2. Mahoun.

113. Hugh Ruadh, the fourth Prince of Fermanagh: son of Flaithearthach; d. 1360.

114. Philip: his son; the fifth Prince of Fermanagh: d. 1375.

115. Thomas Mór (also called Giolladubh), the sixth Prince of Fermanagh: his son; d. 1430.

116. Thomas Oge, the seventh Prince: his son; d. 1480; had a brother named Philip.

117. Philip: son of Thomas Oge. Had two brothers—1. Connor Mór, the tenth Prince, d. 1518; 2. Edmond, who was the eighth Prince of Fermanagh, and who d. 1488.

118. Brian: son of Philip.

119. Cu-Chonacht: his son.

120. Cuchonacht (2), the eleventh Prince: his son; d. 1538.

121. Cuchonacht (3), the fourteenth Prince: his son; d. 1589.

122. Hugh [2] the fifteenth Prince: his son; slain at Kinsale, 1602.

123. Brian: his son.

124. Cuchonacht:[3] his son.

125. Brian Maguire: his son.

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NOTES

[1] Maguire: The Maguires supplied Chiefs or Princes to Fermanagh, from about A.D. 1264, when they supplanted the former Chieftains (O'Daimhin, or Devin), and continued in power till the reign of King James II., of England. (See the Paper in the Appendix, headed: "Princes of the 'Maguire' family.")

The Maguires were inaugurated as Princes of Fermanagh on the summit of Cuilcagh, a magnificent mountain near Swanlinbar, on the borders of Cavan and Fermanagh; and sometimes also at a place called Sciath Gabhra or Lisnasciath, now Lisnaskea. They possessed the entire of Fermanagh: hence called "Maguire's Country;" and maintained their independence as Lords of Fermanagh down to the reign of James the First, when their country was confiscated like other parts of Ulster; but Connor Roe Maguire obtained re-grants of twelve thousand acres of the forefeited lands of his ancestors, and was created Baron of Enniskillen—a title which was also borne by several of his successors. Cathal or Charles Maguire, archdeacon of Clogher in the fifteenth century, who assisted to compile the celebrated "Annals of Ulster," was of this family. For an interesting account of the Maguires, in the reign of King James the First, see the works of Sir John Davies.—CONNELLAN'S Four Masters.

[2] Hugh: This Hugh Maguire, Prince of Fermanagh, took a prominent part in the war during Elizabeth's reign. He was a cousin of Hugh O'Neill. His mother was Nuala, daughter of Manus O'Donnell. On the death of his father he became possessed of the estates held by his ancestors since 1302. He soon took up a defiant attitude towards the Government, replying, when told by the Deputy FitzWilliam that he must allow the Queen's writs to run in Fermanagh: "Your sheriff shall be welcome, but let me know his eric, that if my people should cut off his head I may levy it upon the country." He succoured Hugh Roe O'Donnell in his escape from Dublin Castle. In 1593 he besieged the sheriff and his party in a church, and would have starved them out, but for the intervention of Hugh O'Neill, then an ally of the Anglo-Irish. On the 3rd July of the same year Maguire carried off a large prey of cattle from Tulsk from under the eyes of Sir Richard Bingham, Governor of Connaught. Under that year the Four Masters give a spirited account of the engagement: Sir William Clifford and a few horsemen were slain on Bingham's side, while Maguire lost, amongst several of his party, Edmond MacGauran (Archbishop of Armagh) and Cathal Maguire. Some months later he unsuccessfully endeavoured to prevent Marshal Bagnall and Hugh O'Neill crossing the Erne at Athcullin. We are told that his forces, a great number of whom were slain, consisted of Irish, armed with battleaxes, and some Scotch allies, armed with bows. In the contest Hugh O'Neill was severely wounded in the thigh. . . He threw himself heart and soul into O'Neill's war, and took part in the victory of Clontibret and Kilclooney, and was in command of the cavalry at Mullaghbrack in 1596, where the Anglo-Irish were defeated with heavy loss. The same year he was, with O'Neill and O'Donnell, formally outlawed, and a price was set upon his head. In 1598 he held a command at the defeat of Marshal Bagnall at the Yellow Ford. Next year Maguire joined O'Donnell in a marauding expedition into Thomond, and took Inchiquin Castle. In March, 1600, he commanded the cavalry in Hugh O'Neill's expedition into Leinster and Munster. Accompanied by a small party, he reconnoitred the country towards Cork, but was intercepted by Sir Warham St. Leger and Sir Henry Power, with a superior force. Nothing daunted, he struck spurs into his horse, and dashed into the midst of the Deputy's hand, where St. Leger inflicted on him a deadly wound with his pistol. Maguire, summoning his remaining strength, cleft his adversary's head through his helmet, and then fell exhausted and almost immediately expired. Hugh Maguire's name will probably live longest in the ode addressed to him by his bard, O'Hussey, which has been so forcibly rendered into English by Mangan.—WEBB.

[3] Colonel Cuchonacht Maguire was sheriff of the county Fermanagh in 1687, and, on the breaking out of the Revolution of 1688, he mortgaged the greater part of his estates to raise and arm a regiment for the service of his King, James II. He was shot at the Battle of Aughrim, where his regiment was cut to pieces, after nearly destroying the 2nd regiment of British Horse. When he was killed, and the fate of the day decided, an officer of his regiment, named Durnien, cut off the brave Maguire's head, which he put in a bag, and, starting from the fatal field, slept neither night nor day until he reached the family burying ground in the Island of Devenish, where he interred his commander's head with the remains of his ancestors. Colonel Maguire was married to Mary, daughter of Ever Maguire, and left three sons.—From Memoirs of BRIAN MAGUIRE.


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