Taken from A History of Ireland by Eleanor Hull

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[1] For Carew's literary services to future historians of Ireland see Appendix VIII.

[2] Pac. Hib., 11, 131.

[3] Ibid., ii, 132.

[4] O'Sullevan Beare, Hist. Cath. Iber. Comp., vol. iii, Bk. I, ch. iv-vi.

[5] O'Sullevan Beare, op. cit., vol. iii, Bk. I, ch. iii.

[6] The question was discussed by several leading Catholic writers of the day ; cf. Cardinal Allen, Defence of Sir William Stanley's Surrender of Daventer, for an opinion contrary to that of the Council of Salamanca.

[7] Pac. Hib., ii, 142-146, and for the original, see Ibernia Ignatiana, ed. E. Hogan (1880), pp. 106-107.

[8] Curry, Civil Wars (1810), Appendix XV, p. 649.

[9] O'Sullevan Beare, op. cit., vol. iii, Bk. I, ch. iii.

[10] The memorial is printed in C. P. Meehan, Fate and Fortunes of Tyrone and Tyrconnel (1868), Appendix, p. 491.

[11] O'Sullevan Beare, op. cit., vol. iii, Bk. I, ch. iii.

[12] O'Sullevan Beare may be thought a partisan writer, but he was in a position to know. He is usually fair, and on this occasion, considering the result of the battle of Kinsale, it would have been more likely that he would tend to exaggerate the numbers of the English troops.

[13] History of Ireland, 11, 284.

[14] This account is taken from that of the eyewitnesses in Pacata Hibernia (ii, 190-205), but the report given in O'Sullevan's history (vol. iii, Bk, VII, ch. iii) differs very little, save that it adds some painful details of the cruelties practised by the soldiers at Dursey Island. Collins had served in his youth as an officer under Henry IV of France. O'Sullevan says, too, that a treaty had been entered into with the besieged before they capitulated, which was kept with "English faithfulness," the men and women being hanged.

[15] Fynes Moryson, History of Ireland, i, 227-228.

[16] Ibid., i, 228-229, 250.

[17] Pac. Hib., ii, 130-132.

[18] Carew, Cal., iv, No. 241, p. 239 (May 28, 1602) ; ibid., iv, No. 321, p. 349 (October 9, 1602) ; O'Clery, Life of Red Hugh O'Donnell, cxlix, cl, cliii.

[19] O'Sullevan Beare, Hist, Cath. Iber. Comp., vol. iii, Bk. VII, ch. viii-xii.

[20] Spenser, View of the State of Ireland (Morley's ed., 1890), pp. 140, 143.

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