Taken from A History of Ireland by Eleanor Hull

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[1] Carew, Miscellany, p. 472.

[2] Ibid., pp. 188-190, 472-473.

[3] Gilbert, Viceroys, p. 368.

[4] Gilbert, Facsimiles, iii, No. XIX.

[5] Irish Statutes, 1 Hen. VII.

[6] There are letters extant written by Gerald, Earl of Kildare, in May, 1507 to the Gherardini family at Florence, and a letter to the Earl of Desmond (Earls of Kildare, p. 65).

[7] Croom and Shanad were castles of the Geraldines; the cry meant "Up with Croom" and "Up with Shanad." The O'Brien cry was "Up with the strong hand."

[8] Harleian MS. 913, fol. 156, called "the Book of Ross and Waterford" See T. F. O'Rahilly and R. Flower, Dánta Grádha (1926), xiii.

[9] Unpublished Geraldine Documents, ed. S. Hayman and J. Graves (1870).

[10] J. Clyn, Annalium Hiberniae Chronicon, ed. R. Butler (1849), at date.

[11] S. Hayman, New Handbook of Youghal (1858).

[12] This is the story given in the Book of Howth in Carew, Miscellany, pp. 186-188; and see Annals of the Four Masters, 1468.

[13] Edmund Campian's History, in Ware's Ancient Irish Histories (1809) p. 158.

[14] The effigies of Sir Piers Butler and his wife, Margaret, are still to be seen in the Cathedral of St Canice at Kilkenny.

[15] Book of Howth, in Carew, Miscellany, pp. 179-180; Campian's History, in Ware's Ancient Irish Histories (1809), pp. 164-171.

[16] See Appendix V

[17] Book of Howth, in Carew, Miscellany, p. 191.

[18] "Examination of Robert Reyley, on the Rebellion of Silken Thomas, August 5 1536," Carew, Calendar, 1, No. 84, p. 98.

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