Reynolds - Anglicised Surnames in Ireland

AuthorPadraig Mac Giolla-Domhnaigh
SourceSome Anglicised Surnames in Ireland

Reynolds—This name in Ireland is the anglicised form of two or three sept names. The first we notice is the M'Grannell sept of Muintir Eoluis, or Conmaicne of Moyrein, a district which comprised the present Baronies of Carrigallan, Mohill and Leitrim in the present County of Leitrim, and a part of North Longford. Camden, in his "Brittania," published in London in 1617, says: "The principal families are O'Rorke, O'Murray, Mac Lochleein, Mac Glanchie and Mac Granell, all downright Irish," referring to the septs of Co. Leitrim. The first of the Co. Leitrim sept of M'Granell to change his name was Thomas M'Granell, in obedience to Queen Elizabeth, by Act of Parliament. He belonged at that time to the main line, and the 11th in descent from him was George Nugent Reynolds, who is claimed to be the author of "The Exile of Erin," by Thomas Campbell.

Henry M'Grannell of Annaduff, Co. Leitrim, born in 1610, of the old line, was the direct ancestor of Dr. Reynolds, the friend of Wolfe Tone.

The M'Grannells belong to the Clan Rury of Emania, as do many of the other sept of Leitrim, Cavan, and Longford. The name in Gaelic is Mag Raghnaill, and the name is also anglicised Magrannell.

The second anglicised name is Magronan and M'Gronan. This is a sept name in South Tyrone, and has almost been anglicised wholesale in Co. Tyrone and bordering counties.

It is only at present, as far as my knowledge leads, that families bearing synonymously M'Gronan and Reynolds are found in the three Parishes of Clonfeckle, Eglish, and Aughaloo, in the Counties of Armagh and Tyrone. The name in Gaelic reads correctly Mag Rónain. Father Woulfe gives Mag Rághnainn.

The third name is Renaghan (O'Reannacháin) in the districts of Keady, Crossmaglen, and Castleblaney, in Co. Armagh and Co. Monaghan respectively.

The fourth name is the Scottish sept of M'Crandle, making this name the base. This sept belongs to the McDonalds of Clan Ranald. It is variously anglicised, namely, Crandle, Crindle, Crangle, Cringle, M'Crindle and McReynolds. We find it also written McRannall in the district about Pointzpass, in the Counties of Down and Armagh, where the inhabitants are descendants of North of Scotland settlers referred to in another place. This is written in the Scots Gaelic Mac Raonuill. The name Raghnaill was adopted by the Scots and Irish about the 13th century, from the Norse Rögnvaldr, which means "Ruler of the Gods."

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Alphabetical Index of Anglicised Surnames in Ireland

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